Curfews in Turkey Between the Dates 16 August 2015 – 1 January 2018

04.01.2018

According to the information gathered by the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey Documentation Center, between 16 August 2015 and 1 January 2018, there has been at least 289 officially confirmed round-the-clock [all daylong] and/or open-ended curfews in 11 cities and at least 49 districts of Turkey.

The relevant cities and districts that curfews implemented are as follow: DİYARBAKIR (159 times), MARDİN (48 times), HAKKÂRİ (23 times), ŞIRNAK (13 times), BİTLİS (14 times), MUŞ (7 times), BİNGÖL (7 times), TUNCELİ (6 times), BATMAN (6 times), ELAZIĞ (2 times) and SİİRT (4 times).

In addition to these, as of 11 August 2017, there has been at least 13 curfews declarad in various villages and flatlands of Şemdinli district of Hakkâri, and Hizan, Güroymak, Mutki, Tatvan and Central districts of Bitlis with limitations on time (implemented only in between the designated hours). These curfews, which are declared within limitations, are not included in abovementioned data. However they will be monitored by our Documentation Center.

It is estimated that, according to the 2014 population census, at least 1 million 809 thousand residents have been affected by these curfews and fundemental rights of these people such as  right to liberty and security of person; right to privacy, family, home or correspondence; freedom of assembly and association; freedom of religion; freedom of receive and impart information; right to reserve of property; right to education and especially right to life; right to health and prohibition of torture are explicitly violated. Yet, this data is not possible to be updated since the regions of curfews slid to the villages and flatlands in 2016, by the reason that their population census is whether not taken or not released to the public.

You can download the detailed table of the curfews through this link.

You can download the pdf of this fact sheet through this link.

Curfews in Turkey Between the Dates 16 August 2015 – 1 November 2017

01.11.2017

According to the information gathered by the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey Documentation Center, between 16 August 2015 and 1 November 2017, there has been at least 268 officially confirmed round-the-clock [all daylong] and/or open-ended curfews in 11 cities and at least 47 districts of Turkey.

The relevant cities and districts that curfews implemented are as follow: DİYARBAKIR (145 times), MARDİN (45 times), HAKKÂRİ (23 times), ŞIRNAK (13 times), BİTLİS (13 times), MUŞ (7 times), BİNGÖL (7 times), TUNCELİ (6 times), BATMAN (5 times), ELAZIĞ (2 times) and SİİRT (2 times).

In addition to these, as of 11 August 2017, there has been at least 9 curfews declarad in various villages and flatlands of Şemdinli district of Hakkâri, and Hizan, Güroymak, Mutki and Central districts of Bitlis with limitations on time (implemented only in between the designated hours). These curfews, which are declared within limitations, are not included in abovementioned data. However they will be monitored by our Documentation Center.

It is estimated that, according to the 2014 population census, at least 1 million 809 thousand residents have been affected by these curfews and fundemental rights of these people such as  right to liberty and security of person; right to privacy, family, home or correspondence; freedom of assembly and association; freedom of religion; freedom of receive and impart information; right to reserve of property; right to education and especially right to life; right to health and prohibition of torture are explicitly violated. Yet, this data is not possible to be updated since the regions of curfews slid to the villages and flatlands in 2016, by the reason that their population census is whether not taken or not released to the public.

Click here to download the detailed table of the curfews and pdf version of this fact sheet.

1 November 2017 - Curfews

Human Rights Foundation of Turkey (HRFT), established in 1990, is a non-governmental and non-profit human rights organisation providing treatment and rehabilitation services for torture survivors and documenting human rights violations in Turkey.

79 Day Curfew Cizre Field Report

In accordance with Provincial Administration Law no 5442 Article 11/C, a curfew had been declared in Cizre district by the governor of Şırnak on 4 September 2015 at 20.00. The first curfew lasted until 12 September 2015. The second curfew was on 13-14 September 2015, the third curfew on 14-15 November 2015. The longest and continuous curfew was implemented between 14 December-3 March 2016 and lasted for 79 days.

This research report includes interviews and investigations carried out in the curfew implemented neighborhoods Yafes, Sur, Cudi and Nuh between 6-8 March 2016.

Now you can download the report in English through this link.

Curfews in Turkey within the Last 2 Years Since 16 August 2015

August 17, 2017

 

In 2015, the conflicts in Turkey have begun right after the General Elections on June 7, 2015 also due to the effect of the developments in Middle East, along with the reason that a democratic and peaceful solution on Kurdish issue was not able to be implemented as a holistic programme. Within this period, the first one of the round-the-clock and open-ended curfews was declared on August 16, 2015, which are violating the Constitution, European Convention on Human Rights and all the other international obligations of Turkey within the field of basic rights and liberties. According to the information gathered by the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey Documentation Center, between August 16, 2015 and August 16, 2017, there has been at least 252 officially confirmed round-the-clock [all daylong] and open-ended curfews in 11 cities and at least 45 districts of Turkey within the last 2 years[1]. This data reveals the fact that the practice of violation is ongoing since the last fact sheet of HRFT on June 1, 2017 by showing that more and more curfews are declared since then.

According to the HRFT Documentation Center curfews implemented in relevant cities and districts are as seen in the map below:

16 august

It is estimated that, according to the 2014 population census, at least 1 million 809 thousand residents have been affected by these curfews and fundemental rights of these people such as  right to liberty and security of person; right to privacy, family, home or correspondence; freedom of assembly and association; freedom of religion; freedom of receive and impart information; right to reserve of property; right to education and especially right to life; right to health and prohibition of torture are explicitly violated. Yet, this data is not possible to be updated since the regions of curfews slid to the villages and flatlands in 2016, by the reason that their population census is whether not taken or not released to the public.

Click to download the detailed table of the curfews and click here to download this fact sheet as pdf.

 

[1] The last two curfews that are declared by Bitlis Governorship on August 11,2017 and Hakkâri Governorship on August 13, 2017 are not included in this data due to the fact that they define limits in scope of their declarations, on the contrary to the “round-the-clock and open-ended” curfews which we monitor. However, it will also be monitored by our Documentation Center to see whether it will turn into a new and perpetual practice.

 

Human Rights Foundation of Turkey (HRFT), established in 1990, is a non-governmental and non-profit human rights organisation providing treatment and rehabilitation services for torture survivors and documenting human rights violations in Turkey.

Curfews in Turkey Between the Dates 16 August 2015 – 1 June 2017

1 June 2017

According to the information gathered by the HRFT Documentation Centre, between 16 August 2015 and 1 June 2017, there has been at least 218 officially confirmed round-the-clock [all daylong] and open-ended curfews in 10 cities and at least 43 districts of Turkey. These cities are as follows: DİYARBAKIR (127 times), MARDİN (32 times), HAKKÂRİ (20 times), ŞIRNAK (13 times), BİTLİS (8 times), BATMAN (3 times), MUŞ (4 times), BİNGÖL (5 times), TUNCELİ (5 times) and ELAZIĞ (1 time). In terms of right to life, right to health and other fundamental human rights, these curfews affected at least 1 million 809 thousand people.

You can click here to download a detailed table of the curfews.

ing 1 haziran

Curfews in Turkey Between 16 August 2015 and 1 April 2017

3 April 2017

According to the information gathered by the HRFT Documentation Centre, between 16 August 2015 and 1 April 2017, there has been at least 189 officially confirmed round-the-clock [all daylong] and open-ended curfews in 10 cities and at least 41 districts of Turkey. These cities are as follows: DİYARBAKIR (110 times), MARDİN (28 times), HAKKÂRİ (19 times), ŞIRNAK (13 times), BİTLİS (5 times), BATMAN (3 times), MUŞ (2 times), BİNGÖL (3 times), TUNCELİ (5 times) and ELAZIĞ (1 time). In terms of right to life, right to health and other fundamental human rights, these curfews affected at least 1 million 809 thousand people.

Click here to download the detailed table of curfews.

1 april curfews map

Information Note on the Second Hearing of the Trial of Prof.Şebnem Korur Fincancı, Erol Önderoğlu and Ahmet Nesin

January 12th, 2017

Dear friends and colleagues,

As you know, Prof. Dr. Şebnem Korur Fincancı (HRFT President and a member of the Independent Forensic Expert Group), Erol Önderoğlu (Reporters Without Borders’ representative in Turkey), and Ahmet Nesin (Journalist-Writer) have been tried for serving as the editors-in-chief-on-watch for one day, in the scope of a campaign of solidarity with the Özgür Gündem Daily.

For defending freedom of expression and press, Fincancı, Önderoğlu, and Nesin are accused of “provoking commission of an offence”, “praising the offence and the offenders” and ”making propaganda of terrorist organization through means of press”.  If found guilty, they could face up to 14 years in jail.

The second hearing of the case took place at the Istanbul Çağlayan 13th Heavy Penal Court on January 11. Instead of dropping these unfounded charges, the Court decided to postpone the proceeding, after deciding to separate from the case, the file concerning İnan Kızılkaya, the editor-in-chief of the Daily, and joining it with other files concerning him, related to his position as being editor in chief. The third hearing of the case concerning Şebnem Korur Fincancı, Erol Önderoğlu, and Ahmet Nesin will take place on March 21st at 11 AM.

Representatives of several human rights organizations from throughout the world, including Miriam Reventlow, Director of Governance and Policy at International Rehabilitation Center for Torture Victims; Angelika Claussen, Regional Vice President of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War-Europe; Per Stadig, Vice Chairman of the Red Cross Foundation Sweden, Martin Schoenpflug from Zentrum Überleben, Bettina Birmanns from Public Committee Against Torture in Israel, Kristina Tollback from International Commision of Jurists Swedish Section Board Member, Barbara Neppert from Amnesty International Germany,Ernst Ludwig Iskenius from Physicians Group of Amnesty International Germany, and Alper Öktem fromInternational Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War-Germany attended the hearing.

In the press release that followed the hearing, Financı stated, “The solidarity here shows that we are standing by the truth. The courthouses should be places where justice is established. We will struggle to make courthouses such places. Every word we spend is to bring humanity closer to justice.” NGO representatives, press members and rights defenders from Turkey and all over the world expressed their solidarity with Fincancı, Önderoğlu, and Nesin, and called on Turkish authorities to cease harassment and intimidation of human rights defenders.

We thank all our friends and colleagues, who attended to this valuable gathering, and who through various channels, provided their support and displayed solidarity with us, in the face of the unfounded charges concerning Prof. Dr. Şebnem Korur Fincancı, Erol Önderoğlu ve Ahmet Nesin, who have been pursuing justice and truth, as required by their professions of medicine and journalism.

Here, we once again express our wish that this meaningful solidarity is carried on in future, and will be repeated on March 21st, 2017.

Metin Bakkalcı

HRFT Secretary General

Adsız

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Venice Commission’s Opinion on Emergency Decree Laws N°s667-676 Adopted Following the Failed Coup of 15 July 2016

12.Dec.2016

I. Introduction

By letter of 27 September 2016, the Chair of the Monitoring Committee of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) requested the opinion of the Venice Commission on the overall compatibility of the implementation of the state of emergency in Turkey, in particular all subsequent decree laws, with Council of Europe standards.

So far, twelve emergency decree laws have been enacted (nos. 667 – 678). The Venice Commission has been informed that two new emergency decree laws were enacted on 22 November 2016. However, since the last two decree laws have not been made available in English and have not been officially notified to the Council of Europe, the analysis below will cover the first ten decree laws…

To read the Opinion on Emergency Decree Laws No 667-676 adopted following the failed coup of 15 July 2016, please click here.

CE Commissioner for Human Rights:”Counter-terrorism Operations in the South East of Turkey Caused Widespread Human Rights Violations”

2.Dec.2016

“Numerous human rights of a very large civilian population in South-Eastern Turkey have been violated as a result of curfews imposed and anti-terrorism operations conducted there since August 2015. I call on Turkey  to stop using curfews in such a manner, investigate all allegations of human rights violations by state agents in an effective manner and put in place comprehensive schemes for redress and compensation. Failure to do so will further aggravate the initial violations” said Nils Muižnieks, Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, in a Memorandum published today. The Memorandum presents the findings of a visit that he conducted to Turkey (Istanbul, Diyarbakir and Ankara) from 6 to 14 April 2016, and a subsequent visit to Ankara from 27 to 29 September 2016.

For details please visit web site to download the report: https://wcd.coe.int/com.instranet.InstraServlet?command=com.instranet.CmdBlobGet&InstranetImage=2952745&SecMode=1&DocId=2393034&Usage=2

Physician Leaders Urge Turkish President to End Attacks on Doctors

Below, you will find the plea of World Medical Association and the Standing Committee of European Doctors to the Turkish President to end the victimisation of doctors and the health service in Turkey.

(21.11.2016) A plea to the Turkish President to end the victimisation of doctors and the health service in Turkey has been made by the World Medical Association and the Standing Committee of European Doctors (CPME).

In a letter to President Recep Erdogen, the Presidents of the two organisations say they are most concerned that the decrees adopted in the aftermath of the attempted coup in July are having a severe effect on the Turkish healthcare system and on Turkish physicians.

The letter, signed by Dr. de Haller, President of the CPME and Dr. Ketan Desai, President of the WMA, refers to the lawsuit facing the Istanbul Chamber of Medicine requiring the removal of all elected bodies, as well as the investigation into the President of the Istanbul Chamber of Medicine, Dr. Selcuk Erez, following a press interview he gave. In addition, a member of the Executive Committee of the Ankara Chamber of Medicine, Dr. Benan Koyuncu, had been arbitrarily suspended from her work in her university and many academicians in schools of medicine, mostly members of the Turkish Medical Association, had been suspended or had lost their work in their universities.

The letter points out that in the immediate aftermath of the attempted coup, the Turkish Medical Association had denounced it as an unlawful challenge to the democratic system. The Association had also reaffirmed its commitment to fundamental rights.

The letter says the increasing pressures facing the Turkish Medical Association and its leaders raised very serious concerns.

It goes on: ‘The CPME and the WMA reaffirm strongly the unconditional need to safeguard the civil and human rights of all, including their right to health. Access to high quality health care must be ensured and supported by a functioning healthcare system and safe conditions for the health workforce. ‘We therefore condemn any action failing to respect these principles and endangering the fundamental rights of doctors. The CPME and the WMA remain fully supportive of Physician Leaders Urge Turkish President to End Attacks on Doctors 1/2 the fundamental rights of doctors. The CPME and the WMA remain fully supportive of the achievements by the Turkish Medical Association to uphold democracy, fundamental rights and medical ethics.

‘We therefore call on Your Excellency and all authorities to end any action which fails to observe and promote fundamental rights and which undermines the integrity of health in Turkey. We will continue to monitor the situation and stay in close contact with our Turkish colleagues’.

World Medical Association

Standing Committee of European Doctors

http://www.wma.net/en/40news/20archives/2016/2016_32/index.html