In Turkey, the use of torture against children are most commonly reported for children living on the street and children living in war and armed conflicts.
Torture can affect a child directly or indirectly. Directly; children were tortured by stripped naked, beating with solid objects such as kicks, slaps, punches, shields, truncheons, batons, sticks, etc., subjected to Riot Control Agents (commonly have been used a tear gas chemicals), and other methods of demonstration control such as handcuffs, truncheons, plastic/rubber bullets, electric teasers, water cannons (pressurized cold water), or gunshot etc. during arrest or detention. Torture also can affect a child indirectly; because torture affects the entire family and community of torture survivors. Indirect impact can be due to the torture of his/her parents, close family member or the witnessing of torture and violence.
Although children all over the world are being subjected to torture and ill-treatment there are no official or reliable independent statistics to measure the magnitude of the problem. It is hidden from the eyes of the general public. Inadequate documentation, and consequent failure to put in place protective mechanisms at the national and international levels, has contributed towards making the torture of children almost invisible in the world, as well as Turkey.
This study aims at analysing the data of the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey on child survivors of torture, children who have witnessed torture or grown up with traumatic experience as a relative of a torture survivor starting from 1991, when the HRFT first started providing service to survivors of torture; identifying different types of torture inflicted on children and physical and psychological effects of torture; and making recommendations for future protection / rehabilitation programmes.
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