Curfews are implemented in southeastern Turkey since the collapse of resolution process in July 2015, yet their unlawfulness is even declared by the Venice Commission on their official Opinion on the legal framework of governing curfews. The yearlong in-between August 16, 2015 and August 16, 2016 there has been at least 111 officially confirmed, open-ended and round-the-clock [all daylong] curfews in at least 35 districts of 9 cities in southeastern Turkey. These cities are as follow; Diyarbakır (61 times), Mardin (18 times), Şırnak (13 times), Hakkâri (11 times), Muş (2 times), Bingöl (2 times), Elazığ (1 time), Batman (2 times), Bingöl (2 times) and Tunceli (1 time). It is estimated that, according to the 2014 population census, at least 1 million 671 thousand residents have been affected by these curfews and fundemental rights of these people such as Right to Life and Right to Health are explicitly violated.
The imposement and results of the curfews should be interpreted as a whole. As mentioned before, as of December 11th, 2015 the form of continous curfews, the broadness of regions that curfews are declared, length of duration, military dispatch and using heavy weapons within the residential areas and judicial processes in accordance with all these, showed that a much more severe process has been implemented.
Within this regard, it is necessary to remind that right to information, right to know the truth and freedom of obtainment of information is heavily violated, due to the severe human rights violations which are are already enlarged in our past fact sheets and in our common observation reports with other Organizations, and due to the violation of international documents which Turkey is a party to and especially since the declaration of state of emergency in July 20, 2016.
According to the data of HRFT Documentation Center, since August 16, 2015 until August 16, 2016 at least 321 civilians lost their lives in regions and periods of time that curfews were officially declared. 79 are children, 71 are female and 30 are over the age 60 within these people.
It is estimated that at least 73 civilians, whose information on how they died could be obtained, lost their lives due to not being allowed to reach Right to Health. Again at least 202 civilians lost their lives while they were within the boundaries of their homes/indoor areas. 23 of these people lost their lives due to the direct stress effect of curfews on their health conditions. Moreover, 147 of these people who lost their lives within the boundaries of their homes/indoor areas were only in Cizre District.
As of April 2016, it is seen that regions where curfews are imposed moved from heavily destructed central districts to subordinated villages and fields. Strikingly, these villages and fields are rather the evacuated ones under the ‘state of emergency’ from 1987 to 2002 in mainly southeastern Turkey and their population was exposed to forced migration during the 1990s.
Also, there are some facts that are not included in abovementioned datas or to the list of civilians who lost their lives: In Silopi district of Şırnak, a 7 months old still birth occured due to gunshot through the womb of the mother. Also, at least 16 people lost their lives by arbitrary shooting of security forces during peaceful protests against the curfews in streets/Squares close to curfew zones or by the use of chemicals such as tear gas where no operation was onging or any curfews were declared or due to the explosion of conflict wastes and landmines after the curfew is lifted/within the hours that it is not imposed.
It is State’s duty to enlighten all claims of violations by conducting immediate,
impartial, independent and effective investigations,
especially over the violations of Right to Life in districts under curfew!
As it was stated in our previous fact sheets; the datas over curfews on periodic Fact Sheets and within the Daily Reports of HRFT Documentation Center are obtained through press review, official web sites of relevant public institutions, visual records, statements of witnesses and lawyers, observation reports of political parties and civil organisations and their personal witnessings etc. And whether get investigated and become definite or remain as claims and removed from the annual report if not proved.
As HRFT, even though we feel the same grief and concerns by each death, the reasons why the fact sheets of HRFT Documentation Center over the curfews only covered facts on civilians until now are both because of the responsibility that violation of right to life against civilians is high beyond comparison according to the past tens of years and the information given on security forces and militants are not to be confirmed and publicly announced yet due to deficiencies and contradictions.
However, our work on each and every person (civilians, security forces or militants) is ongoing in the light of all datas, evidences and witnessing etc. We would like to emphasize that likewise we are still collecting data on all names which are included/excluded now compared to our last list of civilians who lost their lives during the curfews.
NOTE: Within the context of this fact sheet the term ‘security forces’ is implying to ‘Police Anti-terror Combat Team, Police Special Forces, Gendarmarie Special Forces (Fatihler Unit, Efeler Unit, Dadaşlar Unit which were active units during 90s in the same region), Military Forces and Riot Polices.’ Also, there are some unofficial teams which are both by themselves and publicly defined as JITEM, Esedullah, Hançer[Dagger], Fatihler Teams etc.
Click here to download the fact sheet as pdf.
Click here to reach the detailed time table of the curfews.
Civilians Who Lost Their Lives Since August 16, 2015 Under Curfews According to the Data of Human Rights Foundation of Turkey Documentation Center
Names of the People who lost Their Lives Between the dates
August 16th, 2015 and August 16, 2016 in the Districts Under Curfew
Varto: 1. Rahmi Kızıltaş (36), 2. Abdullah Toprak(26)
Silvan: 1.Serhat Bilen(25) 2.Hanife Durak(80) 3.Veysi Toraman(60) 4.Vedat Akcanım(17) 5.Barış Çakıcı(10) 6.Hayriye Hüdaverdi(70) 7.Ferhat Gensür(17) 8.Müslüm Tayar(22) 9.Sertip Polat(20) 10.Engin Gezici(24) 11.İsmet Gezici (55) 12.Rıdvan Us(20) 13.Yakup Sinbağ(20) 14.Latif Nangir(78)
Bismil: 1. Agit Yıldız(22) 2. Numan (Halil) Kurtdiş(19) 3. Elif Şimşek(8) 4. Berat Güzel(12) 5. Bilal Bozkur(19/22) 6.Abdullah Sügüci(32) 7.Doğan İnce(16) 8. Şeyhmus Düşerge(18)
Sur: 1. Helin Şen(12) 2.Halil Tüzülerk(27) 3.Mehmet Demirel(adult) 4.Aziz İlhan(47) 5.Melek Apaydın(38) 6.Turgay Girçek(19) 7.Hakan Aslan 8.Murat Menekşe(13) 9. Fatma Ateş(55) 10.Rozerin Çukur(17)
Bağlar: 1. Özgür Çelenk(18) 2.Eyüp Çelik(24)
Lice: 1. Mehmet Şirin Kocakaya(31)
Yüksekova: 1. Fettah Es (37) 2. Yakup Babat (24) 3.Mehmet Reşit Arıcı(17) 4.Naim Nuyan(29) 5.Ersin Aydın(37) 6.Yusuf Aşan(46)
Cizre: 1.Cemile Çağırga(10) 2.Özgür Taşkın(18) 3.Meryem Süne(53) 4.Bünyamin İrci(14) 5.Muhammed Tahir Yaramış(35 günlük) 6.Eşref Edin(56) 7.Selman Ağar(10) 8.Mehmet Emin Levent(29) 9.Osman Çağlı(18) 10.Sait Çağdavul(21) 11.Şahin Açık(74) 12.Mehmet Emin Erdoğan(75) 13.Mehmet Sait Nayici(16) 14.Zeynep Taşkın(19) 15.Maşallah Edin(35) 16.Hacı Ata Borçin(75) 17.Gadban Bülbül(78) 18.Mehmet Dökmen(71) 19.Bahattin Sevinik(50) 20.Suphi Sarak(50) 21.İbrahim Çiçek (79) 22.Mülkiye Geçgel (48) 23.Resul Ekinci(65) 24.Hediye Şen(30) 25.Doğan Arslan(24) 26.İbrahim Akhan(15) 27.Selahattin Bozkurt(70) 28.Yılmaz Erz (42) 29.Zeynep Yılmaz(40) 30.Cahide Çıkal(35) 31.Mehmet Tekin(35) 32.Doğan İşi(18) 33.Mehmet Saçan(38) 34.Emine Duman(75) 35.Azime Aşan(59) 36.Dikran Sayaca(28) 37.Ferdi Kalkan(20) 38.Abdulmecit Yanık(27) 39.Hacı Özdal(27) 40.Miray İnce(3 aylık) 41.Ramazan İnce(80) 42.Kumru Işık(85) 43.Hüseyin Ertene(16) 44.Hüseyin Selçuk(5) 45.Abdülaziz Yural(33) 46.Zeynep Demir(65) 47.Ali Tetik(34) 48.Kasım Tonğ(51) 49.Cabbar Taşkın(40) 50.Sezai Borçin(46) 51.Hediye Erden(60) 52.Besna Zırığ(50) 53.Fatma Acet(40) 54.Bişeng Garan(12) 55. Nihat Sömer(22) 56.Halil Sömer(45) 57.Osman Terkin(56) 58.Tayfun Yaşlı(20) 59.Cebrail Mungan(24) 60.Murat Egül(24) 61.Ahmet Zırığ(35) 62.Şükrü Coşkun(20) 63.Nebi Katlav(16) 64.Ali Bağdur(25) 65.Mehmet Tungut(32) 66.Mehmet Şirin Erdinç / Elinç (18) 67.Garip Mübariz(18) 68.Veysi Elçi(30) 69.Abdulmenaf Yılmaz(50) 70.Yakup Isırgan(18) 71.Mehmet Şahin(77) 72.Emame Şahin (77) 73.Yusuf Akalın(12) 74.Büşra Yürü(10) 75.Veli Müjde(38) 76.Abdullah İnedi(25) 77.Hayrettin Şınık(10) 78.Mehmet Rıdvan Kaymaz(36) 79.Mehmet Kaplan(35) 80.Serhat Altun(23) 81.Abdülhamit Poçal(37) 82.Selman Erdoğan(43) 83.Ahmet Tunç(50) 84.Cihan Karaman(23) 85.Selami Yılmaz(25) 86.Nusrettin Bayar(20) 87.Sultan Irmak(16) 88.Selim Turay(29) 89.Kenan Adıgüzel(21) 90.Mehmet Özkül(23) 91.Nizar Isırgan(18) 92.Zerin/Zehra Uca(22) 93.Sahip Edin(31) 94.Abdullah Gün(16) 95.Yunus Meral 96.Tahir Akdoğan(16) 97.Mevlüde Özalp(21) 98.Fehmi Fakah Dinç(adult) 99.Fatma Demir(adult) 100.Sabri Sezgin(20) 101.Abdülselam Turgut(22) 102.Mahsum Erdoğan(22) 103.Muharrem Erbek(17) 104.Sinan Kaya(22) 105.Mehmet Kulbay(22) 106.Aydın Erol(23) 107.Murat Şimşek(17) 108.Abbas Güllübahçe 109.Tuğba Eminoğlu 110.Erdal Şahin(29) 111.Rohat Aktaş(adult) 112.Adil Küçük(22) 113.Mahmut Duymak(51) 114.Umut Ürek(24) 115.Ramazan İşçi 116.Metin Karane(17) 117.Dersim Aksoy 118.İslam Balıkesir 119.Ömer Baran(25) 120.Mustafa Gasyak(16) 121.Ali Fırat Kalkan 122.Kasım Yana(18) 123.İzzet Gündüz(adult) 124.Berjin Demirkaya 125.Sakine Şiray(adult) 126.Ekrem Sevilgen(17) 127.Serdar Özbek(32) 128.Mehmet Benzer(19) 129.Tajdin Nerse(22) 130.Mehmet Dalmış(31) 131.Mehmet Yavuzel(adult) 132.Rıdvan Ekinci 133.Cüneyt Kızıltay 134.Güler Eroğlu(20) 135.Star Özkül(19) 136.Hasan Ayaz(14) 137.Yılmaz Geçim(15) 138.Mesut Özer(17) 139.Cengiz Gerem(15) 140.Derya Koç(adult) 141.Azat Yılmaz(19) 142.Hakkı Külter(13) 143.Çimen Tankan 144.İsmail Çetin 145.Murat Erdin(17) 146.Hasan Tağ(29) 147.Agit Küçük(27) 148.Harun Barın(20) 149.Cemile Erden(28) 150.Mehmet Tunç(adult) 151.Veysi Bademkıran(17) 152.Yasemin Çıkmaz(17) 153.Yakup Yalçın(27) 154.Felek Çağdavul 155.Fırat Malgaz 156.Yakup Dadak 157.Ramazan Aydın(19) 158.Lokman Bilgiç 159.Hüseyin Kaya 160.M. Emin İdim(child) 161.Tahir Çiçek(16) 162.Abdullah Özgül 163.Meryem Akyol(17) 164.Ramazan Biriman(26) 165.Hüseyin Kayaalp(16) 166.Muhammed Kalaycı(16) 167.Güler Akıl 168.Ahmet Yılmaz 169.Hamza İdim(17) 170.Hanife İdim 171.Tahir Çelik 172.Halil Çelik 173.Mehmet Kalaycı 174.Hacer Arslan(19) 175.Sefa Sever 176.Murat Arslan 177.Gülistan Üstün(24) 178.Zehra Başkurt(19) 179.Erdal Kar(23) 180.Servet Çurak 181.Asya Yüksel(adult) 182.Cemal Uyğur(30) 183.Hüseyin Paksoy(16) 184.İbrahim Temel(23) 185.Emel Dağhan (16) 186.Ferhat Balcal(22) 187.Mehmet Emin Bayar(23) 188.Osman Gökhan(49) 189.Agit Akıl(19) 190.Davut Acar(25) 191.Zeki Acar(16) 192.Ramazan Çömlek
Silopi: 1. Hüseyin Güzel (70) 2.Yusuf Aybi(80) 3.Reşit Eren(17) 4.Axin Kanat(16) 5.İbrahim Bilgin(18) 6.Şiyar Özbek(25) 7.Süleyman Çoban(70) 8.Taybet İnan(57) 9.Yusuf İnan(40) 10.Ayşe Buruntekin(40) 11.Mehmet Mete Kutluk(11) 12.Ömer Sayan(70) 13.Hasan Sanır (75) 14.Salih Erener(75) 15.Seyfettin Sidar(30) 16.İsmail Yevşan(55) 17.Necati Öden(18) 18.Ömer Yalman(45) 19.Ömer Maslu(70) 20.Pakize Nayır(25) 21.Sêvê Demir(41) 22.Fatma Uyar(27) 23.İslam Atak (20) 24.Hasan Yağmur(42) 25.Aydın Mete(16) 26.Yusuf Yağcı(25) 27.Şirin Altay(43) 28.Narinç Kızıl(52) 29.İsa Tonguç 30.Ahmet Tonguç 31.Muhyettin Tonguç 32.Saadettin Tonguç 33.Behiye Erener(45) 34.Rahime Sanır(14) 35.Züleyha Şalk(70) 36.Esra Şalk(2) 37.Abuzeyit Tan
İdil: 1. M.Sadık Bozeri(57) 2.Vedat Gürbüz(24) 3.Mazlum Kapalıgöz(17) 4.Orhan Abay(16) 5.Sevilay Yıldız(15) 6.Fatma Eraslan(13) 7.Kasım Mete Ağın(15) 8.Ahmet Varlı(15) 9.Veli Aşar(18) 10.Hacı Karakaş(29) 11.Ramazan Gümüş(14) 12.Burhan Baydemir 13.Vasfi Kaya 14.Abdulselam Güler(20) 15.İsmail Gürbüz(19) 16.Tajdin Gasyak(18) 17.Servet Yıldız(19) 18.Sozdar Gasyak(19) 19.Kader Çakar (18) 20.İdris Eltimur(23)
Merkez: 1.Bayram Tatar(16) 2.Ali Sümbül(22)
Nusaybin: 1.Ahmet Sönmez(50) 2.Şahin Turan(25) 3.Selamet Yeşilmen(44) 4.Abdulkadir Yılmaz(65) 5.Hasan Dal(45) 6.Musur Aslan(19) 7.Emin Öz(55) 8.Muhammed Altunkaynak(19) 9.Nurhan Kaplan(45) 10.Şerif Alpar(55) 11.Sedat Güngör(22) 12.Mehmet Emin İnan(55) 13.Cudi Teber (23) 14.Mahsum Alpdoğan(19) 15.Fehime Aktı(56) 16.Hakan Doğan(15) 17. Medeni Orak (45) 18.Rohat Karakoç 19.Hasan Korkmaz(60) 20.Mehmet Pitek(40) 21.Heyhat Müjde(43) 22.Saadet Müjde(19)
Dargeçit: 1.İdris Cebe(18) 2.Takyedin Oral(adult) 3.Necim Kılıç(67) 4.Sabahat Kılıç(28) 5.Fatma Kılıç(50)
According to the statement of Ministry of Interior on January 11th, 2016, 14 thousand 68 members of security forces became active in operations in districts where curfews are declared. Moreover, it’s known that hundreds of armored military vehicles such as tanks, panzers, cannons etc. are dispatched to the relative districts/cities.
 Available at: http://en.tihv.org.tr/category/notes-special-reports/
 These people are: In CİZRE: 7 months old still birth of Güler Yanalak due to gunshot through the womb of mother and Harun Çağlı(4-Cudi Neigh.), Ayşenur Geçit(6-Cudi Neigh.), Bünyamin Bayram(6-Alibey Neigh.). In DİYARBAKIR: Şerdıl Cengiz (21-Bağlar district), Şiyar Salman (18-Bağlar district), Şiyar Baran (13-Seyrantepe Neigh.), Salih Baygın (70-Melik Ahmet Str.), Abdülaziz Taruk(68-Melik Ahmet Str.), Hüseyin Hüseyinoğlu (22-Bağlar district) and in NUSAYBİN:Emire Gök (39-Gırnavas district), Hüseyin Ahmet(22-Işık Önder Str.), in SİLVAN:Mehmet Gündüz (45-Feridun Neigh.) and also, Abdulsetar Cibara(16-Qamishlo/Rojava) shot by a stray bullet through the border of Nusaybin. In İDİL: Hidayet Tek (4-Turgut Özal Neigh.), Müslüm İlhan (8) and in SİLOPİ: Enes Erdem(10-Celali Deresi area)