Curfews in Turkey Between the Dates 16 August 2015 – 1 November 2017

01.11.2017

According to the information gathered by the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey Documentation Center, between 16 August 2015 and 1 November 2017, there has been at least 268 officially confirmed round-the-clock [all daylong] and/or open-ended curfews in 11 cities and at least 47 districts of Turkey.

The relevant cities and districts that curfews implemented are as follow: DİYARBAKIR (145 times), MARDİN (45 times), HAKKÂRİ (23 times), ŞIRNAK (13 times), BİTLİS (13 times), MUŞ (7 times), BİNGÖL (7 times), TUNCELİ (6 times), BATMAN (5 times), ELAZIĞ (2 times) and SİİRT (2 times).

In addition to these, as of 11 August 2017, there has been at least 9 curfews declarad in various villages and flatlands of Şemdinli district of Hakkâri, and Hizan, Güroymak, Mutki and Central districts of Bitlis with limitations on time (implemented only in between the designated hours). These curfews, which are declared within limitations, are not included in abovementioned data. However they will be monitored by our Documentation Center.

It is estimated that, according to the 2014 population census, at least 1 million 809 thousand residents have been affected by these curfews and fundemental rights of these people such as  right to liberty and security of person; right to privacy, family, home or correspondence; freedom of assembly and association; freedom of religion; freedom of receive and impart information; right to reserve of property; right to education and especially right to life; right to health and prohibition of torture are explicitly violated. Yet, this data is not possible to be updated since the regions of curfews slid to the villages and flatlands in 2016, by the reason that their population census is whether not taken or not released to the public.

Click here to download the detailed table of the curfews and pdf version of this fact sheet.

1 November 2017 - Curfews

Human Rights Foundation of Turkey (HRFT), established in 1990, is a non-governmental and non-profit human rights organisation providing treatment and rehabilitation services for torture survivors and documenting human rights violations in Turkey.

Curfews in Turkey Between the Dates 16 August 2015 – 1 June 2017

1 June 2017

According to the information gathered by the HRFT Documentation Centre, between 16 August 2015 and 1 June 2017, there has been at least 218 officially confirmed round-the-clock [all daylong] and open-ended curfews in 10 cities and at least 43 districts of Turkey. These cities are as follows: DİYARBAKIR (127 times), MARDİN (32 times), HAKKÂRİ (20 times), ŞIRNAK (13 times), BİTLİS (8 times), BATMAN (3 times), MUŞ (4 times), BİNGÖL (5 times), TUNCELİ (5 times) and ELAZIĞ (1 time). In terms of right to life, right to health and other fundamental human rights, these curfews affected at least 1 million 809 thousand people.

You can click here to download a detailed table of the curfews.

ing 1 haziran

Call For the Internationally Participated Forum on Good Medical Practice and the Trial of MD.Serdar Küni!

March, 7, 2017

The first hearing of the case concerning former President of Şırnak Medical Association and HRFT Cizre Reference Center Representative MD.Serdar Küni, who is “detained” now for approximately 5 months, will be held at the Şırnak 2nd Heavy Penal Court on Monday, March 13th, 2017 at 1.45 pm.

Serdar Küni, who has been, despite immense difficulties, decisively practicing medicine in Cizre for years with a strong commitment to the fundamental values; was arrested on October 19, 2016 with groundless allegations concerning his professional practices.

serdar fotoDuring the next steps of this “trial”, we will expose these groundless allegations and the value of good medical practices through MD.Serdar Küni, who practiced his profession especially within the region that is going through massive pain for years in the witness of everyone by the fundamental ethical and scientific references of medicine. We will be altogether in Şırnak on March 13th to remind everyone that the real target of this “trial” is national and international law and conventions, universal ethical principles and human conscience, and that good medical practice cannot be prosecuted!

We are honored to express that, herewith, the solidarity for good medical practice gets beyond the borders. Representatives of several international medical and human rights organizations from throughout the World, including Bjorn Oscar Hoftved from World Medical Association and Norwegian Medical Association, Susannah Sirkin from Physcians for Human Rights (PHR), Per Stadig from Red Cross Foundation Sweden, Lutz Oette from School of Oriental and African Studies Law Department and Rudi Friedrich from War Resisters’ International (WRI) will be participating the Forum on Good Medical Practice in Diyarbakır on March 12th, at 11 am along with General Secretary of Turkish Medical Association MD. Sezai Berber, former presidents of TMA Prof.MD Gençay Gürsoy and Prof.MD. Özdemir Aktan and General Secretary of HRFT MD. Metin Bakkalcı and many more representatives of different cities in Turkey.

Right after the forum, we will be together for the Peace, Companionship and Democracy Award Ceremony which is granted by Diyarbakır Medical Chamber since 1996. The awardees of 2017 are MD.Serdar KÜNİ, who practiced medicine in Cizre with a strong commitment to the fundamental values of the profession and laid claim on ethics of medicine, human rights and right to health of people on any grounds and therefore got arrested, and writer Aslı ERDOĞAN, in the name of all intellectuals and writers due to her act and statements that strengthens human rights struggle during these difficult times.

Right after the forum, we will be off to Şırnak for the next day trial, including the attendance of Ernst Ludwig Iskenius from Physicians Group of Amnesty International-Germany and International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW).

We have trust in our solidarity and looking forward to share and strengthen our values all together on March 12th at the forum and award ceremony in Diyarbakır and on March 13th at the trial in Şırnak.

 

Turkish Medical Associations

Diyarbakır Medical Association

Human Rights Association

Please click here to download the call and the programme as pdf.

serdar programme

serdar small

Curfews Between August 16, 2015 – August 16, 2016 and Civilians Who Lost Their Lives

21.08.2016

Curfews are implemented in southeastern Turkey since the collapse of resolution process in July 2015, yet their unlawfulness is even declared by the Venice Commission on their official Opinion on the legal framework of governing curfews.[1] The yearlong in-between August 16, 2015 and August 16, 2016 there has been at least 111 officially confirmed, open-ended and round-the-clock [all daylong] curfews in at least 35 districts of 9 cities in southeastern Turkey. These cities are as follow; Diyarbakır (61 times), Mardin (18 times), Şırnak (13 times), Hakkâri (11 times), Muş (2 times), Bingöl (2 times), Elazığ (1 time), Batman (2 times), Bingöl (2 times) and Tunceli (1 time). It is estimated that, according to the 2014 population census, at least 1 million 671 thousand residents have been affected by these curfews and fundemental rights of these people such as Right to Life and Right to Health are explicitly violated.

The imposement and results of the curfews should be interpreted as a whole. As mentioned before, as of December 11th, 2015 the form of continous curfews, the broadness of regions that curfews are declared, length of duration, military dispatch and using heavy weapons within the residential areas[2] and judicial processes in accordance with all these, showed that a much more severe process has been implemented.

Within this regard, it is necessary to remind that right to information, right to know the truth and freedom of obtainment of information is heavily violated, due to the severe human rights violations which are are already enlarged in our past fact sheets and in our common observation reports with other Organizations[3], and due to the violation of international documents which Turkey is a party to and especially since the declaration of state of emergency in July 20, 2016.

According to the data of HRFT Documentation Center, since August 16, 2015 until August 16, 2016 at least 321 civilians lost their lives in regions and periods of time that curfews were officially declared. 79 are children, 71 are female and 30 are over the age 60 within these people.

It is estimated that at least 73 civilians, whose information on how they died could be obtained, lost their lives due to not being allowed to reach Right to Health. Again at least 202 civilians lost their lives while they were within the boundaries of their homes/indoor areas. 23 of these people lost their lives due to the direct stress effect of curfews on their health conditions. Moreover, 147 of these people who lost their lives within the boundaries of their homes/indoor areas were only in Cizre District.

As of April 2016, it is seen that regions where curfews are imposed moved from heavily destructed central districts to subordinated villages and fields. Strikingly, these villages and fields are rather the evacuated ones under the ‘state of emergency’ from 1987 to 2002 in mainly southeastern Turkey and their population was exposed to forced migration during the 1990s.

Also, there are some facts that are not included in abovementioned datas or to the list of civilians who lost their lives: In Silopi district of Şırnak, a 7 months old still birth occured due to gunshot through the womb of the mother. Also, at least 16 people lost their lives by arbitrary shooting of security forces during peaceful protests against the curfews in streets/Squares close to curfew zones or by the use of chemicals such as tear gas where no operation was onging or any curfews were declared or due to the explosion of conflict wastes and landmines after the curfew is lifted/within the hours that it is not imposed.[4]

It is State’s duty to enlighten all claims of violations  by conducting immediate,

impartial, independent and effective investigations,

especially over the violations of Right to Life in districts under curfew!

As it was stated in our previous fact sheets; the datas over curfews on periodic Fact Sheets and within the Daily Reports of HRFT Documentation Center are obtained through press review, official web sites of relevant public institutions, visual records, statements of witnesses and lawyers, observation reports of political parties and civil organisations and their personal witnessings etc. And whether get investigated and become definite or remain as claims and removed from the annual report if not proved.

As HRFT, even though we feel the same grief and concerns by each death, the reasons why the fact sheets of HRFT Documentation Center over the curfews only covered facts on civilians until now are both because of the responsibility that violation of right to life against civilians is high beyond comparison according to the past tens of years and the information given on security forces and militants are not to be confirmed and publicly announced yet due to deficiencies and contradictions.

However, our work on each and every person (civilians, security forces or militants) is ongoing in the light of all datas, evidences and witnessing etc. We would like to emphasize that likewise we are still collecting data on all names which are included/excluded now compared to our last list of civilians who lost their lives during the curfews.

NOTE: Within the context of this fact sheet the term ‘security forces’ is implying to ‘Police Anti-terror Combat Team, Police Special Forces, Gendarmarie Special Forces (Fatihler Unit, Efeler Unit, Dadaşlar Unit which were active units during 90s in the same region), Military Forces and Riot Polices.’ Also, there are some unofficial teams which are both by themselves and publicly defined as JITEM, Esedullah, Hançer[Dagger], Fatihler Teams etc.

 

Click here to download the fact sheet as pdf.

Click here to reach the detailed time table of the curfews.

Civilians Who Lost Their Lives Since August 16, 2015 Under Curfews According to the Data of Human Rights Foundation of Turkey Documentation Center

monthly table shot

 

 Names of the People who lost Their Lives Between the dates

August 16th, 2015 and August 16, 2016 in the Districts Under Curfew

MUŞ

Varto: 1. Rahmi Kızıltaş (36), 2. Abdullah Toprak(26)

DİYARBAKIR

Silvan: 1.Serhat Bilen(25) 2.Hanife Durak(80) 3.Veysi Toraman(60) 4.Vedat Akcanım(17) 5.Barış Çakıcı(10) 6.Hayriye Hüdaverdi(70) 7.Ferhat Gensür(17) 8.Müslüm Tayar(22) 9.Sertip Polat(20) 10.Engin Gezici(24) 11.İsmet Gezici (55) 12.Rıdvan Us(20) 13.Yakup Sinbağ(20) 14.Latif Nangir(78)

Bismil: 1. Agit Yıldız(22) 2. Numan (Halil) Kurtdiş(19) 3. Elif Şimşek(8) 4. Berat Güzel(12) 5. Bilal Bozkur(19/22) 6.Abdullah Sügüci(32) 7.Doğan İnce(16) 8. Şeyhmus Düşerge(18)

Sur: 1. Helin Şen(12) 2.Halil Tüzülerk(27) 3.Mehmet Demirel(adult) 4.Aziz İlhan(47) 5.Melek Apaydın(38) 6.Turgay Girçek(19) 7.Hakan Aslan 8.Murat Menekşe(13) 9. Fatma Ateş(55) 10.Rozerin Çukur(17)

Bağlar: 1. Özgür Çelenk(18) 2.Eyüp Çelik(24)

Lice: 1. Mehmet Şirin Kocakaya(31)

HAKKÂRİ

Yüksekova: 1. Fettah Es (37) 2. Yakup Babat (24) 3.Mehmet Reşit Arıcı(17) 4.Naim Nuyan(29) 5.Ersin Aydın(37) 6.Yusuf Aşan(46)

ŞIRNAK

Cizre: 1.Cemile Çağırga(10) 2.Özgür Taşkın(18) 3.Meryem Süne(53) 4.Bünyamin İrci(14) 5.Muhammed Tahir Yaramış(35 günlük) 6.Eşref Edin(56) 7.Selman Ağar(10) 8.Mehmet Emin Levent(29) 9.Osman Çağlı(18) 10.Sait Çağdavul(21) 11.Şahin Açık(74) 12.Mehmet Emin Erdoğan(75) 13.Mehmet Sait Nayici(16) 14.Zeynep Taşkın(19) 15.Maşallah Edin(35) 16.Hacı Ata Borçin(75) 17.Gadban Bülbül(78) 18.Mehmet Dökmen(71) 19.Bahattin Sevinik(50) 20.Suphi Sarak(50) 21.İbrahim Çiçek (79) 22.Mülkiye Geçgel (48) 23.Resul Ekinci(65) 24.Hediye Şen(30) 25.Doğan Arslan(24) 26.İbrahim Akhan(15) 27.Selahattin Bozkurt(70) 28.Yılmaz Erz (42) 29.Zeynep Yılmaz(40) 30.Cahide Çıkal(35) 31.Mehmet Tekin(35) 32.Doğan İşi(18) 33.Mehmet Saçan(38) 34.Emine Duman(75) 35.Azime Aşan(59) 36.Dikran Sayaca(28) 37.Ferdi Kalkan(20) 38.Abdulmecit Yanık(27) 39.Hacı Özdal(27) 40.Miray İnce(3 aylık) 41.Ramazan İnce(80) 42.Kumru Işık(85) 43.Hüseyin Ertene(16) 44.Hüseyin Selçuk(5) 45.Abdülaziz Yural(33) 46.Zeynep Demir(65) 47.Ali Tetik(34) 48.Kasım Tonğ(51) 49.Cabbar Taşkın(40) 50.Sezai Borçin(46) 51.Hediye Erden(60) 52.Besna Zırığ(50) 53.Fatma Acet(40) 54.Bişeng Garan(12) 55. Nihat Sömer(22) 56.Halil Sömer(45) 57.Osman Terkin(56) 58.Tayfun Yaşlı(20) 59.Cebrail Mungan(24) 60.Murat Egül(24) 61.Ahmet Zırığ(35) 62.Şükrü Coşkun(20) 63.Nebi Katlav(16) 64.Ali Bağdur(25) 65.Mehmet Tungut(32) 66.Mehmet Şirin Erdinç / Elinç (18) 67.Garip Mübariz(18) 68.Veysi Elçi(30) 69.Abdulmenaf Yılmaz(50) 70.Yakup Isırgan(18) 71.Mehmet Şahin(77) 72.Emame Şahin (77) 73.Yusuf Akalın(12) 74.Büşra Yürü(10) 75.Veli Müjde(38) 76.Abdullah İnedi(25) 77.Hayrettin Şınık(10) 78.Mehmet Rıdvan Kaymaz(36) 79.Mehmet Kaplan(35) 80.Serhat Altun(23) 81.Abdülhamit Poçal(37) 82.Selman Erdoğan(43) 83.Ahmet Tunç(50) 84.Cihan Karaman(23) 85.Selami Yılmaz(25) 86.Nusrettin Bayar(20) 87.Sultan Irmak(16) 88.Selim Turay(29) 89.Kenan Adıgüzel(21) 90.Mehmet Özkül(23) 91.Nizar Isırgan(18) 92.Zerin/Zehra Uca(22) 93.Sahip Edin(31) 94.Abdullah Gün(16) 95.Yunus Meral 96.Tahir Akdoğan(16) 97.Mevlüde Özalp(21) 98.Fehmi Fakah Dinç(adult) 99.Fatma Demir(adult) 100.Sabri Sezgin(20) 101.Abdülselam Turgut(22) 102.Mahsum Erdoğan(22) 103.Muharrem Erbek(17) 104.Sinan Kaya(22) 105.Mehmet Kulbay(22) 106.Aydın Erol(23) 107.Murat Şimşek(17) 108.Abbas Güllübahçe 109.Tuğba Eminoğlu 110.Erdal Şahin(29) 111.Rohat Aktaş(adult) 112.Adil Küçük(22) 113.Mahmut Duymak(51) 114.Umut Ürek(24) 115.Ramazan İşçi 116.Metin Karane(17) 117.Dersim Aksoy 118.İslam Balıkesir 119.Ömer Baran(25) 120.Mustafa Gasyak(16) 121.Ali Fırat Kalkan 122.Kasım Yana(18) 123.İzzet Gündüz(adult) 124.Berjin Demirkaya 125.Sakine Şiray(adult) 126.Ekrem Sevilgen(17) 127.Serdar Özbek(32) 128.Mehmet Benzer(19) 129.Tajdin Nerse(22) 130.Mehmet Dalmış(31) 131.Mehmet Yavuzel(adult) 132.Rıdvan Ekinci 133.Cüneyt Kızıltay 134.Güler Eroğlu(20) 135.Star Özkül(19) 136.Hasan Ayaz(14) 137.Yılmaz Geçim(15) 138.Mesut Özer(17) 139.Cengiz Gerem(15) 140.Derya Koç(adult) 141.Azat Yılmaz(19) 142.Hakkı Külter(13) 143.Çimen Tankan 144.İsmail Çetin 145.Murat Erdin(17) 146.Hasan Tağ(29) 147.Agit Küçük(27) 148.Harun Barın(20) 149.Cemile Erden(28) 150.Mehmet Tunç(adult) 151.Veysi Bademkıran(17) 152.Yasemin Çıkmaz(17) 153.Yakup Yalçın(27) 154.Felek Çağdavul 155.Fırat Malgaz 156.Yakup Dadak 157.Ramazan Aydın(19) 158.Lokman Bilgiç 159.Hüseyin Kaya 160.M. Emin İdim(child) 161.Tahir Çiçek(16) 162.Abdullah Özgül 163.Meryem Akyol(17) 164.Ramazan Biriman(26) 165.Hüseyin Kayaalp(16) 166.Muhammed Kalaycı(16) 167.Güler Akıl 168.Ahmet Yılmaz 169.Hamza İdim(17) 170.Hanife İdim 171.Tahir Çelik 172.Halil Çelik 173.Mehmet Kalaycı 174.Hacer Arslan(19) 175.Sefa Sever 176.Murat Arslan 177.Gülistan Üstün(24) 178.Zehra Başkurt(19) 179.Erdal Kar(23) 180.Servet Çurak 181.Asya Yüksel(adult) 182.Cemal Uyğur(30) 183.Hüseyin Paksoy(16) 184.İbrahim Temel(23) 185.Emel Dağhan (16) 186.Ferhat Balcal(22) 187.Mehmet Emin Bayar(23) 188.Osman Gökhan(49) 189.Agit Akıl(19) 190.Davut Acar(25) 191.Zeki Acar(16) 192.Ramazan Çömlek

Silopi: 1. Hüseyin Güzel (70) 2.Yusuf Aybi(80) 3.Reşit Eren(17) 4.Axin Kanat(16) 5.İbrahim Bilgin(18) 6.Şiyar Özbek(25) 7.Süleyman Çoban(70) 8.Taybet İnan(57) 9.Yusuf İnan(40) 10.Ayşe Buruntekin(40) 11.Mehmet Mete Kutluk(11) 12.Ömer Sayan(70) 13.Hasan Sanır (75) 14.Salih Erener(75) 15.Seyfettin Sidar(30) 16.İsmail Yevşan(55) 17.Necati Öden(18) 18.Ömer Yalman(45) 19.Ömer Maslu(70) 20.Pakize Nayır(25) 21.Sêvê Demir(41) 22.Fatma Uyar(27) 23.İslam Atak (20) 24.Hasan Yağmur(42) 25.Aydın Mete(16) 26.Yusuf Yağcı(25) 27.Şirin Altay(43) 28.Narinç Kızıl(52) 29.İsa Tonguç 30.Ahmet Tonguç 31.Muhyettin Tonguç 32.Saadettin Tonguç 33.Behiye Erener(45) 34.Rahime Sanır(14) 35.Züleyha Şalk(70) 36.Esra Şalk(2) 37.Abuzeyit Tan

İdil: 1. M.Sadık Bozeri(57) 2.Vedat Gürbüz(24) 3.Mazlum Kapalıgöz(17) 4.Orhan Abay(16) 5.Sevilay Yıldız(15) 6.Fatma Eraslan(13) 7.Kasım Mete Ağın(15) 8.Ahmet Varlı(15) 9.Veli Aşar(18) 10.Hacı Karakaş(29) 11.Ramazan Gümüş(14) 12.Burhan Baydemir 13.Vasfi Kaya 14.Abdulselam Güler(20) 15.İsmail Gürbüz(19) 16.Tajdin Gasyak(18) 17.Servet Yıldız(19) 18.Sozdar Gasyak(19) 19.Kader Çakar (18) 20.İdris Eltimur(23)

Merkez: 1.Bayram Tatar(16) 2.Ali Sümbül(22)

MARDİN

Nusaybin: 1.Ahmet Sönmez(50) 2.Şahin Turan(25) 3.Selamet Yeşilmen(44) 4.Abdulkadir Yılmaz(65) 5.Hasan Dal(45) 6.Musur Aslan(19) 7.Emin Öz(55) 8.Muhammed Altunkaynak(19) 9.Nurhan Kaplan(45) 10.Şerif Alpar(55) 11.Sedat Güngör(22) 12.Mehmet Emin İnan(55) 13.Cudi Teber (23) 14.Mahsum Alpdoğan(19) 15.Fehime Aktı(56) 16.Hakan Doğan(15) 17. Medeni Orak (45) 18.Rohat Karakoç 19.Hasan Korkmaz(60) 20.Mehmet Pitek(40) 21.Heyhat Müjde(43) 22.Saadet Müjde(19)

Dargeçit: 1.İdris Cebe(18) 2.Takyedin Oral(adult) 3.Necim Kılıç(67) 4.Sabahat Kılıç(28) 5.Fatma Kılıç(50)

[1] http://www.venice.coe.int/webforms/documents/?pdf=CDL-AD(2016)010-e

[2]According to the statement of Ministry of Interior on January 11th, 2016, 14 thousand 68 members of security forces became active in operations in districts where curfews are declared. Moreover, it’s known  that hundreds of armored military vehicles such as tanks, panzers, cannons etc. are dispatched to the relative districts/cities.

[3] Available at: http://en.tihv.org.tr/category/notes-special-reports/

[4] These people are: In CİZRE: 7 months old still birth of Güler Yanalak due to gunshot through the womb of mother and Harun Çağlı(4-Cudi Neigh.), Ayşenur Geçit(6-Cudi Neigh.), Bünyamin Bayram(6-Alibey Neigh.). In DİYARBAKIR: Şerdıl Cengiz (21-Bağlar district), Şiyar Salman (18-Bağlar district), Şiyar Baran (13-Seyrantepe Neigh.), Salih Baygın (70-Melik Ahmet Str.), Abdülaziz Taruk(68-Melik Ahmet Str.), Hüseyin Hüseyinoğlu (22-Bağlar district) and in NUSAYBİN:Emire Gök (39-Gırnavas district), Hüseyin Ahmet(22-Işık Önder Str.), in SİLVAN:Mehmet Gündüz (45-Feridun Neigh.) and also, Abdulsetar Cibara(16-Qamishlo/Rojava) shot by a stray bullet through the border of Nusaybin. In İDİL: Hidayet Tek (4-Turgut Özal Neigh.), Müslüm İlhan (8) and in SİLOPİ: Enes Erdem(10-Celali Deresi area)

26-29 March 2016 HRFT Daily Human Rights Report

26-29 March 2016 Daily Human Rights Report

(03/190) Curfew in Cizre…

After the completion of the operations, the night-curfew in in Cizre district of Şırnak reached its 26th day as of 28 March 2016.

According to the news appeared in the press on 26 March 2016, one of the persons buried in Şanlıurfa was identified as health worker of Cizre Municipality Hacer Arslan (19).

Governorate of Şırnak announced on 28 March 2016 that night-curfew in Cizre and Silopi districts was decided to be started at 9.30pm and to be ended at 4.30 in the morning.

(03/191) Curfew in İdil…

The curfew in İdil district of Şırnak reached its 41st day as of 28 March 2016. The bodies of Vahap Çıkmaz and Abdulselam Güler were taken by their families. They were buried on 25 and 28 March 2016.

(03/192) Person Killed by the Police in Van…

On 28 March 2016, the police raided changing room of a football field in İpekyolu district of Van and reportedly shot an unidentified person to death.

(03/193) Curfew in Silvan…

Sub-Governorate of Silvan district in Diyarbakır imposed curfew in 18 quarters and villages starting from 11.00am on 25 March 2016. The curfew was lifted the same day at 8.00pm.

(03/194) Operations and Attacks in the Southeast…

According to the announcement on 25 March 2016, YPS members Nurullah Bozdoğan (Sinan Bagok) and Mehmet Reşit Alp (Bawer Nısebin) were killed during the clashes in Fırat and Dicle quarters of Nusaybin district in Mardin where curfew was imposed.

1 gendarmerie soldier was killed during an armed clash on 25 March 2016 in Nusaybin.

2 gendarmerie soldiers died and 5 soldiers were wounded when a preplaced bomb exploded on 27 March 2016 in a building on in Nusaybin.

1 police officer and 1 gendarmerie solider were killed, 5 police officers and 1 soldier were wounded during the armed clashes on 27 March 2016 in Nusaybin.

YPS members Mustafa Ekin (Sipan Amed), Davut Kurt (Reşit), Zeynel Abidin Oral (Zana), Habip Akar (Şervan Amed), Cudi Van, Yüksel Sümbül (Rojvar Arvin), YPS JIN member Tülay Eren (Arin Rojhat), and 3 unidentified persons were killed during the armed clashes on 27 March 20156 on the 14th day of curfew in Yüksekova district of Hakkari.

1 police officer died and 1 police officer was wounded during the same clash.

YPS member Zeydan Yanar reportedly died during armed clash that broke out on 25 March 2016.

YPS militant who was killed during a clash on 26 March 2016 in Nusaybin was identified as Ferhat Yaşa (Rızgar Amed).

YPS members Mahmut Surgit (Şervan Cudi), Mehmet Ünal (Diyar Cudi), Ceylan Sayar (Rengin Şerefxane), 1 police officer and 1 temporary village guard died, 1 police officer was wounded during an armed clash on 26 March 2016 in Şırnak.

2 militants were reportedly died and 2 soldiers were wounded during an armed clash that broke out on 25 March 2016 in the Amanos Mountains region of Kırıkhan district in Hatay.

3 soldiers were wounded when a bomb exploded on 28 March 2016 in Siverek district of Şırnak during the passage of a military vehicle.

First Lieutenant Erdem Keskin who was wounded during an armed clash in Yüksekova district of Hakkari died on 28 March 2016 in the hospital in Ankara.

(03/195) Pressures in Prisons…

According to the news appeared in the press on 26 March 2016, 9 prisoners incarcerated in Diyarbakır D-type Prison and Osmaniye T-type Prison were transferred to other prisons without their demand.

(03/196) Persons on Trial on the Allegations of Insulting the State President…

Mardin Penal Court of First Instance No 2 started on 25 March 2016 to hear the case against 12 persons including members of union for public servants KESK launched in connection with a demonstration organised on 11 October 2015 in Mardin to protest in the Ankara Massacre. The indictment wants the defendants to be sentenced for “insulting the State President”.

After the identification and testimonies of the present defendants, the court adjourned the hearing to 29 April 2016.

(03/197) Students on Trial in Bolu…

Bolu Penal Court of First Instance No 2 started on 25 March 2016 to hear the case against 38 students of Abant İzzet Baysal University launched in connection with a march organised on 15 May 2014 to protest in the killings of 301 miners in Soma district of Manisa. The indictment wants the defendants to be sentenced for “violating the Law on Meetings and Demonstrations” and “resisting security forces”.

After the identification and testimonies of the present defendants, the court adjourned the hearing to 24 June 2016 for the completion of the testimonies.

(03/198) Newroz Celebrations…

The police conducted house raids on 26 March 2016 in Diyarbakır and detained 7 members of the organising committee of Newroz celebrations in Diyarbakır.

(03/199) Ban Decisions in İstanbul and Şanlıurfa…

According to the news appeared in the press on 28 March 2016, Governorate of İstanbul reportedly banned on 15 March 2015 all the public statements, demonstrations and activities in the province relying on the curfew imposed in Nusaybin district of Mardin.

Governorate of Şanlıurfa also announced on 28 March 2016 that all activities in the province were banned from 1 April 2016 to 6 April 2016.

(03/200) Protest Intervened in Ankara…

The police intervened members of Public Servants Front (Kamu Emekçileri Cephesi) who staged a protest against draft Law on Public Servants on 27 March 2016 in Ankara and detained 22 persons.

(03/201) Protest Intervened in İstanbul…

On 27 March 2016 in Beşiktaş district of İstanbul, the police intervened a group of union in health sector Dev Sağlık-İş members who were demanding staff position for subcontracted workers and detained 6 members of the union.

(03/202) Co-Mayor, Municipality Worker and Political Party Executive Convicted in Hakkari…

Hakkari Heavy Penal Court No 2 Concluded on 25 March 2016 to hear the case against 11 persons including Co-Mayors in Hakkari province Nurullah Çiftçi and Dilek Hatipoğlu, Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) Co-Chair for Central district in Hakkari province İsmail Sihat Kaya, and Hakkari Municipality Bınevş Women’s Centre worker Hamide Özer launched on the allegations of “disrupting the unity and territorial integrity of the state”. The defendants were arrested after a public statement on self-governance.

The court sentenced Dilek Hatipoğlu, Nurullah Çiftç HDP and DBP members Hamide Özer, İsmail Sihat Kaya, İskan Aksaç, İlhan Kaynak, Ali Tetik and Devrim Ecer to 16 years’ imprisonment for “disrupting the unity and territorial integrity of the state”. Erdem Şahin and Cihan Kahraman were acquitted.

(03/203) Detentions and Arrests…

Deputy Mayor in Derik district of Mardin province Doğan Özbahçeci, municipality worker Alaattin Ecer, Seydoş Özbahçeci and Abdullah Ataklı were arrested on 25 March 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

İbrahim Poyraz who was detained in Derik district of Mardin, Suzan Paçal and Şahin Sağlam who were detained in Muş were arrested on 25 March 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

Security Forces conducted house raids on 25 March 2016 in Binpınar village of Karaçoban district in Erzurum and detained Yılmaz Kökbalık on the allegations of “making propaganda of an illegal organisation”.

Co-Mayor of Kumçatı town in Şanlıurfa province Aziye Durak was detained on 25 March 2016 during a road control nearby Kasrik town.

Abdulkadir Mutlu who was detained in Viranşehir district of Şanlıurfa and Cengiz Yüksel who was detained in Bulanık district of Muş were arrested on 25 March 2016 on the allegations of “making propaganda of an illegal organisation”.

The police conducted house raids on 25 March 2016 in Siirrt and detained 10 persons.

7 persons in Antalya, 3 children in Yüksekova district of Hakkari, Agit Şık in Silopi district of Şırnak, 4 persons in Derik district of Mardin were arrested on 26 March 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”. 4 persons in Şanlıurfa were also arrested on 26 March 2016 on the allegations of “violating the Law on Meetings and Demonstrations”.

Cevdet Arga and Masum Koç, Peoples’ Democratic Party Co-Chairs in Buca and Konak district of İzmir Province, who were released after being detained were arrested on 26 March 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

HDP Chair for Kağızman district in Kars province Kemal Avcı was arrested on 28 March 2016 11 persons on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation” and “making propaganda of an illegal organisation”.

The police conducted house raids on 28 March 2016 in Bozova district of Şanlıurfa and detained 11 persons on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”

Fact Sheet on Declared Curfews Between August 16th, 2015 and March 18th, 2016 and Civilians who Lost their Lives

FACT SHEET on DECLARED CURFEWS BETWEEN AUGUST 16th, 2015 and MARCH 18th, 2016

and CIVILIANS WHO LOST THEIR LIVES ACCORDING to the

DATA of  HUMAN RIGHTS FOUNDATION of TURKEY DOCUMENTATION CENTER

22.03.2016

Between the dates August 16th, 2015 and March 18th, 2016 there has been 63 officially confirmed, open-ended and round-the-clock [all daylong] curfews in at least 22 districts of 7 cities in Southeastern Turkey. These cities are as follow; Diyarbakır (34 times), Şırnak (9 times) ve Mardin (11 times), Hakkâri (5 times), Muş (1 time), Elazığ (1 time) and Batman (2 times). It is estimated that, according to the 2014 population census, at least 1 million 642 thousand residents have been affected by these curfews and fundemental rights of these people such as Right to Life and Right to Health are explicitly violated. According to the statement of Ministry of Health on February 27th, 2016, at least 355 thousand residents were forced to leave the cities and districts they lived in.

Click here to reach the detailed table over curfews.

Click here to download pdf version of this fact sheet.

Sokağa çıkma yasakları esnasında yaşamlarını yitiren kişilere ilişkin ilçeler bazında ayrıntılı bilgi edinmek için  bu bilgi notunun Türkçesine de erişebilirsiniz.

As HRFT, even though we feel the same grief and concerns by each death, the reasons why the fact sheets of HRFT Documentation Center over the curfews only covered facts on civilians until now are both because of the responsibility that violation of right to life against civilians is high beyond comparison according to the past tens of years and the information given on security forces and militants are not to be confirmed and publicly announced yet due to deficiencies and contradictions.

The datas over curfews on periodic Fact Sheets and within the Daily Reports of HRFT Documentation Center are obtained through press review, official web sites of relevant public institutions, visual records, statements of witnesses and lawyers, observation reports of political parties and civil organisations and their personal witnessings etc. And whether get investigated and become definite or remain as claims and removed from the annual report if not proved.

According to the data of HRFT Documentation Center, since August 16th, 2015 (which is the date of first declared curfew) until March 18th, 2016 at least 310 civilians lost their lives in regions and periods of time that curfews were officially declared. Besides, there are at least 59 bodies from Cizre that are buried without waiting for the identification process and at least 20 bodies from Sur are waiting in Forensic Medicine Institutions and these bodies are not included in the given data.

HRFT Curfews - 18 March 2016

The reasons of why the last fact sheet of HRFT Documentation Center was published over a month ago on February 6th, 2016[1] and there are at least 79 unidentified bodies in this current fact sheet explain some of the violations of the times we are living in:

  • The imposement and results of open ended, round the clock (all daylong) curfews should be interpreted as a whole. As of December 11th, 2015 the impose form of continous curfews, the broadness of regions that curfews are declared, length of duration, military dispatch and using heavy weapons within the residential areas[2] and judicial processes in accordance with all these, made Right to Information and Right to Know the Truth which are under protection by the international conventions inaccessible.
  • While it is violation of rights by itself that hundreds of thousands of people were forced to leave their homes in districts where curfews are declared or have the worry of it; this also resulted in not being able to reach statements of witnesses as common as used be. Within this context;

– Some people whose bodies were reached are identified whether by their relatives or DNA pairings, yet the lack of knowledge and suspicions over the time, cause and manner of death are present.

– International documents such as UN Manual on Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Istanbul Protocol) and UN Protocol for Preventing Arbitrary Killings through Adequate Death Investigation and Autopsy (Minnesota Protocol) are violated by including claims such as not allowing the lawyers and independent forensic medicine specialists to be present during autopsies of most of the bodies; not delivering investigation files with especially the reports of examination of deceased and crime scene investigation to relevant people; not conveying copies of autopsy reports neither to relatives nor to lawyers; and bringing most of the bodies as stripped naked before the autopsy procedure. Within this period of serious violations a complete autopsy procedure became impossible, therefore reliable information couldn’t be obtained on people who lost their lives.

– As the integrity of most of the bodies are damaged identification was not able to be conducted, especially of the people whose bodies were taken from the in question basements of Cizre. Moreover, there has been changes on Regulation for Implementation of Forensic Medicine Institution Law on January 7th and 16th, 2016 and again on Regulation on Transfer and Burial of Corpses on January 16th, 2016 that allowed the bodies to be buried collectively to common graves or unknown places without waiting for the necessary period of time which made the identification process even harder.

  • Bodies of people who known or claimed to be dead whether identified or unidentified are still waiting to be sent to Forensic Medicine Institutions, due to ongoing military operations or even though the operations are declared to be done due to ongoing curfews. It is known that these bodies are not brought out of the curfew areas, yet reliable information couldn’t be obtained if there are any conducted investigations.

With regards to all these reasons, this Fact Sheet that is open to any contributions and feedbacks, is prepared by the obtained information as of March 18th, 2016 and compared retrospectively with previous Fact Sheets of HRFT Documentation Center on curfews, and it includes detailed information on people who lost their lives if the identities and how they died is known. Besides, even though their cases are given on the part of this fact sheet over the detailed information on people who lost their lives, 8 people who were mentioned in previous fact sheets are excluded from the list of “civilians who lost their lives” due to strong claims of them being member of YDGH (Patriotic Revolutionary Youth Movement) or YPS (Civil Protection Units). Yet, the examination of whether the terms of extrajudicial execution occured or not will be possible to make in consequence of effective investigation processes.

Also, it’s needed to be point out that “Right to Life” by definition involve cases of injuries which could cause the death of a person. Yet, mainly due to ungoing investigation processes and difficulty of reaching the witnesses by cause of aforementioned reasons and more, the possibilities to reach information over injured people are even more restricted. Therefore, this fact sheet only covers “civilians who lost their lives”.

In accordance with all these;

  • Between the dates of August 16th, 2015 and March 18th, 2016 at least 310 civilians lost their lives in curfew areas. Of these people; 72 are children, 62 are women, 29 are over the age 60. Besides, at least 79 people are not included in these datas due to the fact that the bodies are still waiting to be identified.
  • It is estimated that at least 76 civilians, whose information on how they died is obtained, lost their lives due to not being allowed to reach Right to Health.
  • Again at least 180 civilians, whose information on how they died is obtained, lost their lives while they were within the boundaries of their homes. 162 of these people were killed due to opened fire or hitting by a missile and 18 of them lost their lives due to the direct stress effect of curfews on their health conditions. Moreover, 137 of these people who lost their lives within the boundaries of their homes were only in Cizre District.

Also, there are some facts that are not included in abovementioned datas or to the list of civilians who lost their lives;

  • At least 79 bodies are whether waiting in Forensic Medicine Institutions to be identified or buried to common graves and to places that are unknown by their relatives with regard to changed regulations.
  • In Silopi district of Şırnak, a 7 months old still birth occured due to gunshot through the womb of the mother. Also, at least 10 people lost their lives by arbitrary shooting of security forces during peaceful protests against the curfews in streets/Squares close to curfew zones or by the use of chemicals such as tear gas where no operation was onging or any curfews were declared. [3]

 

 

NOTE1: Please observe the table that is submitted together with this fact sheet for detailed information over the ongoing curfews as of March 22nd,2016 in Cizre (on 79th day changed into nightlong curfew) and in Silopi (on 37th day changed into night long curfew) districts of Şırnak; in some neighbourhoods and streets of Sur district (still going on 103th day) of Diyarbakır; in Center (on 8th day of all-day long curfew) and İdil district (on 36th day of all-day long curfew) of Şırnak; Nusaybin district (on 9th day of all-day long curfew) of Mardin and Yüksekova district (on 9th day of all-day long curfew) of Hakkari.

NOTE2: Within the context of this fact sheet the term ‘security forces’ is implying to ‘Police Anti-terror Combat Team, Police Special Forces, Gendarmarie Special Forces, Military Forces and Riot Polices.’ Also, there are some unofficial teams which are both by themselves and publicly defined as JITEM, Esedullah, Hançer[Dagger], Fatihler Teams etc.

Names of the People who lost Their Lives Between the dates August 16th, 2015 and March 17th, 2016

Within the Districts Under Curfews

MUŞ

Varto: 1. Rahmi Kızıltaş (36), 2. Abdullah Toprak(26), 3.-4. 2 people who are not yet identified

DİYARBAKIR

Silvan: 1.Serhat Bilen(25) 2.Hanife Durak(80), 3.Veysi Toraman(60) 4.Vedat Akcanım(17) 5.Deniz(17) 6.Barış Çakıcı(10) 7.Hayriye Hüdaverdi(70) 8.Ferhat Gensür(17) 9.Müslüm Tayar (22) 10.Sertip Polat(20) 11.Engin Gezici(24) 12.İsmet Gezici (55) 13.Rıdvan Us(20) 14.Yakup Sinbağ(20) 15.Latif Nangir(78)

Bismil: 1. Bilal Bozkur(19/22) 2.Abdullah Sügüci(32) 3.Doğan İnce(16) 4. Şeyhmus Düşerge(18) 5.Numan Halil Kurtiş(19) 6.Berat Güzel(12) 7.Elif Şimşek(8) 8.Agit Yıldız(22)

Sur: 1. Helin Şen(12) 2.Halil Tüzülerk(27) 3.Mehmet Demirel(yetişkin) 4.Sezgin Demirok 5.Şoreş Mutlu 6.Cüneyt Yeni 7.Aziz İlhan(47) 8.Melek Apaydın(38) 9.Rozerin Çukur(17) 10.Turgay Girçek(19) 11.Gündüz Akmeşe(28) 12. 1 male in his 80s who is not yet identified 13.Hakan Aslan 14.Murat Menekşe(13) 15.Erhan Keskin(18) 16.Casim Kaya(24)17.Fatma Ateş(55) 18.Gülistan Aysal(21) 19.Fırat Çelik(24) 20.Dilber Bozkurt 21.Mehmet Abdullah Yalvarma 22.Mazlum Karakoç 23.Cüneyt Aydemiş (NOT:Besides there are 20 bodies waiting to be identified.)

Bağlar: 1. Özgür Çelenk(18) 2.Eyüp Çelik(24)

HAKKÂRİ

Yüksekova: 1. Fettah Es (adult) 2. Yakup Babat (24) 3.Mehmet Reşit Arıcı(17) 4.Naim Nuyan(29) 5.Ersin Aydın(37)

ŞIRNAK

Cizre: 1.Cemile Çağırga (10) 2.Özgür Taşkın (18) 3.Meryem Süne(53) 4.Bünyamin İrci(14) 5.Muhammed Tahir Yaramış (35 days old) 6.Eşref Edin (56) 7.Selman Ağar (10) 8.Mehmet Emin Levent (29) 9.Osman Çağlı(18) 10.Sait Çağdavul (21) 11.Şahin Açık (74) 12.Mehmet Erdoğan (75) 13.Mehmet Sait Nayici (16) 14.Zeynep Taşkın (19) 15.Maşallah Edin (35) 16.Hacı Ata Borçin (75) 17.Gadban Bülbül (78) 18.Mehmet Dökmen (71) 19.Bahattin Sevinik (50) 20.Suphi Sarak (50) 21.İbrahim Çiçek (79) 22.Mülkiye Geçgel (48) 23.Resul Ekinci(65) 24. Hediye Şen(30) 25.Doğan Aslan(24) 26.İbrahim Akan(15) 27.Selahattin Bozkurt(70) 28.Yılmaz Erz(42) 29.Lütfü Aksoy(25) 30.Zeynep Yılmaz(40) 31.Cahide Çıkal(35) 32.Mehmet Tekin(35) 33.Doğan İşi(18) 34.Mehmet Saçan(38) 35.Emine Duman(75) 36.Azime Aşan(59) 37.Dikran Sayaca(25) 38.Ferdi Kalkan(20) 39.Abdulmecit Yanık(27) 40.Hacı Özdal(25) 41.Miray İnce(3 months old) 42.Ramazan İnce (80) 43.Kumru Işık(85) 44.Hüseyin Ertene(16) 45.Hüseyin Selçuk(5) 46.Abdülaziz Yural(28) 47.Zeynep Demir(65) 48.Ali Tetik(34) 49.Kazım Tonğ(51) 50.Cabbar Taşkın(40) 51.Sezai Burçin(43) 52.Hediye Erden(60) 53.Besna Zırığ(50) 54.Fatma Acet(40) 55.Bişeng Goran(12) 56.Nidar Sümer(17) 57.Halis Sümer(45) 58.Osman Tekin(50) 59.Tayfur Yaşlı(19) 60.Şivan Cebrail Mungan(24) 61.Murat Ekici(22) 62.Murat Egül(24) 63.Ahmet Zırığ(35) 64.Şükrü Coşkun(20) 65.Nebi Katlav(22) 66.Ali Bağdur(25) 67.Mehmet Hacı Tongut(32) 68.Mehmet Şirin Erdinç 69.Garip Mubarız (18) 70.Veysi/Hacı Elçi(30) 71.Abdulmenaf Yılmaz(50) 72.Yakup Isırgan 73.Mehmet Şahin(77) 74.Emame Şahin (77) 75.Yusuf Akalın(12) 76.Büşra Akalın(10) 77.Veli Müjde(38) 78.Abdullah İvedi(25) 79.Hayrettin Şınık(10) 80.Mehmet Rıdvan Kaymaz(36) 81.Hüseyin Paksoy(16) 82.Mehmet Kaplan(35) 83.Serhat Altun(23) 84.Abdülhamit Poçal 85.Selman Erdoğan 86.Ahmet Tunç(50) 87.Cihan Karaman(23) 88.Rüzgar Yıldızgörer(25) 89.Selami Yılmaz(25) 90.Nusreddin Bayar(20) 91.Sultan Irmak(16) 92.Selim Turay(22) 93.Şervan Kenan Adıgüzel 94.Mehmet Özkul(adult) 95.Nizar Isırgan 96.Cengiz Sansak 97.Ramazan Çömlek 98.Zerin Uca(22) 99.Sahip Edin(30’s) 100.Abdullah Gün(16) 101.Yunus Meral 102.Tahir Akdoğan(16) 103.Mevlüde Özalp 104.Fehmi Fakah Dinç(adult) 105.Fatma Demir(adult) 106.Barış Gasir(adult) 107.Sabri Sezgin(18) 108.Abdülselam Turgut(adult) 109.Mahsum Erdoğan 110.Muharrem Erbek(23) 111.Sinan Kaya(22) 112.Mehmet Kulbay(22) 113.Burhan Taşdelen 114.Aydın Erol 115.Ferhat Karaduman(16) 116.Nursel Dalmış(18) 117.Murat Şimşek(16) 118.Abbas Güllübahçe 119.Tuğba Eminoğlu 120.Erdal Şahin(29) 121.Rohat Aktaş(adult) 122.Adil Küçük(adult) 123.Mahmut Duymak(51) 124.Umut Ürek 125.Ramazan İşçi 126.Metin Karane 127.Dersim Aksoy 128.İslam Balıkesir 129.Ömer Baran(25) 130.Mustafa Gasyak(16) 131.Ali Fırat Kalkan 132.Kasım Yana(18) 133.İzzet Gündüz(adult) 134.Berjin Demirkaya 135.Sakine Şiray(adult) 136.Ekrem Sevilgen(17) 137.Serdar Özbek(32) 138.Mehmet Benzer(19) 139.Tajdin Nerse(22) 140.Mehmet Dalmış(31) 141.Mehmet Yavuzel(adult) 142.Rıdvan Ekinci 143.Bişeng Kolanç 144.Cihat Altun(22) 145.Mehmet Yılmaz(23) 146.Cüneyt Kızıltay 147.Güler Eroğlu(20) 148.Mehmet Edin 149.Star Özkül 150.Hasan Ayaz(14) 151.Yılmaz Geçim(15) 152.Mesut Özer(17) 153.Cengiz Gerem(15) 154.Derya Koç(adult) 155.Azad Yılmaz(19) 156.Hakkı Külte(13) 157.Çimen Tankan 158.İsmail Çetin 159.Murat Erdin 160.Hasan Tağ(adult) 161.Agit Küçük 162.Harun Barın 163.Hülya Aktaş(adult) 164.Cemile Erden(28) 165.Mehmet Tunç(yetişkin) 166.Orhan Tunç 167.Veysi Bademkıran(17) 168.Yasemin Çıkmaz(17) 169.İbrahim Temel 170.Yakup Yalçın 171.Felek Çağdavul 172.Fırat Malgaz 173.Yakup Dadak 174.Ramazan Aydın 175.Lokman Bilgiç 176.Hüseyin Kaya 177.M. Emin İdim(child) 178.Tahir Çiçek(child) 179.Aydın Güner(adult) 180.Abdullah Özgül 181.Meryem Akyol 182.Ramazan Biriman 183.Hüseyin Kayaalp(16) Besides, there are at least 59 bodies that are buried without waiting for the identification process.

Silopi: 1. Hüseyin Güzel (70) 2.Yusuf Aybi(80) 3.Reşit Eren(17) 4.Axin Kanat(16) 5.İbrahim Bilgin(18) 6.Şiyar Özbek(25) 7.Süleyman Çoban(70) 8.Taybet İnan(57) 9.Yusuf İnan(40) 10.Ayşe Buruntekin(40) 11.Mehmet Mete Kutluk(11) 12.Ömer Sayan(70) 13.Hasan Sanır (75) 14.Salihe Şirnexi/Salih Erener(75) 15.Seyfettin Sidar(30) 16.İsmail Yevşan(55) 17.Necati Öden(18) 18.Ömer Yalman(45) 19.Ömer Maslu(70) 20.Pakize Nayır(25) 21.Sêvê Demir(41) 22.Fatma Uyar(27) 23.İslam Atak (20) 24.Hasan Yağmur(42) 25.Aydın Mete(16) 26.Yusuf Yağcı(25) 27.Şirin Altay (43) 28.Narinç Kızıl(52) 29. 1 male in his 30s who is not yet identified

İdil: 1. M.Sadık Bozeri(57) 2.Vedat Gürbüz(24) 3.Mazlum Kapalıgöz(17) 4.Aziz Akan(30) 5.Orhan Abay(16) 6.Sevilay Yıldız(15) 7.Fatma Eraslan(13) 8.Abdullah Ecevit(39) 9.Mete Ağırhan(15) 10.Ahmet Varlı(15) 11.Veli Aşar(18) 12.Şevki Geldisöz 13.Hacı Karakaş 14.Ramazan Gümüş(14) 15.İrfan Çağlar(24)

 

MARDİN

Nusaybin: 1.Ahmet Sönmez(50) 2.Şahin Turan(25) 3.Selamet Yeşilmen(44) 4.Abdülkadir Yılmaz(65) 5.Hasan Dal(45) 6.Musur Aslan(19) 7.Emin Öz(55) 8.Muhammed Altunkaynak(19) 9.Nurhan Kaplan(45) 10.Şerif Alpar(55) 11.Sedat Güngör(22) 12.Mehmet Emin İnan(55) 13.Cudi Teber (23) 14.Mahsum Alpdoğan(19) 15.Fehime Aktı(56) 16.Hakan Doğan(15) 17.Henüz kimliği bilinmeyen 1 kişi 18.Medeni Orak (45) 19.Rohat Karakoç 22.Hasan Korkmaz(60)

Dargeçit: 1.İdris Cebe(18), 2.Takyedin Oral(adult male) 3.Necim Kılıç(67) 4.Sabahat Kılıç(28) 5.Fatma Kılıç(adult woman)

 

[1] http://en.tihv.org.tr/recent-fact-sheet-on-curfews-in-turkey-between-the-dates-16-august-2015-5-february-2016/

[2]According to the statement of Ministry of Interior on January 11th, 2016, 14 thousand 68 members of security forces became active in operations in districts where curfews are declared. Moreover, it’s known  that hundreds of armored military vehicles such as tanks, panzers, cannons etc. are dispatched to the relative districts/cities.

[3] These people are: 7 months old still birth of Güler Yanalak due to gunshot through the womb of mother. Şerdıl Cengiz (21-Bağlar district),  Şiyar Salman (18-Bağlar district), Şiyar Baran (13-Seyrantepe district), Mizgin Koçyiğit (who thought to be Güler Eroğlu first- Dağkapı Square), Salih Baygın(70-Melik Ahmet Street), Çekwar Çubuk (16-Dağkapı Square), Hüseyin Hüseyinoğlu (22-Bağlar district) in DİYARBAKIR and Emire Gök (39-Gırnavas Mah.) and Hüseyin Ahmet(22-Işık Önder Street) in NUSAYBİN [Note: In Nusaybin, the curfew was declared first in some districts. On 4th day it was broadened to whole district.] and Mehmet Gündüz (45-Feridun district) in SİLVAN.

16-19 January 2016 HRFT Daily Human Rights Report

16-19 January 2016 Daily Human Rights Report

(01/098) Curfew in Cizre…

The curfew in Cizre district of Şırnak reached its 37th day as of 19 January 2016.

6 persons were reportedly wounded when a house was shot with a howitzer in Şah quarter during the heavy clashes on 15 January 2016. Veli Müjde (38) died in the hospital.

Abdullah İvedi and another person were killed during the clashes that broke out on 16 January 2016 in Sur quarter.

3 persons including a child were reportedly wounded when a house was shot with a howitzer nearby Şeyh Seyda Mosque in Şah quarter on 17 January 2016. Hayrettin Şınık (10) died on the way to hospital.

Rıdvan Kaymaz was shot at head and killed on 17 January 2016 in Sur quarter.

Hüseyin Paksoy who was shot at leg on 15 January 2016 in Nur quarter died on 18 January 2016 on the allegations that the ambulance was not allowed to enter the quarter. ECtHR took interlocutory injunction decision upon appeal by the lawyers of the family. Hüseyin Paksoy was identified by his family on 19 January 2016.

The child M.İ. (boy) was heavily wounded during a clash that broke out on 18 January 2016 in Şah quarter.

İ.Ü. (15-boy) was wounded with a howitzer on 18 January 2016 in Cudi quarter.

Mehmet Kaplan (35) was shot at head and killed on 18 January 2016 on Ömer Hayyam Avenue in Cudi quarter.

Orhan Tunç who was shot on 19 January 2016 while leaving his house on İdil Avenue in Cudi quarter was allegedly left on the street on the grounds that the ambulance was not allowed to enter the quarter.

(01/099) Curfew in Sur

The curfew in Sur district of Diyarbakır reached its 40th day as of 19 January 2016.

3 persons were allegedly wounded with shrapnel on 15 January 2016 in the district.

Kadir Tozan was heavily wounded when fire opened in İskenderpaşa quarter.

2 unidentified persons were killed during the heavy clashes on 16 January 2016 nearby Kurşunlu Mosque ve Süleyman Nazif School.

(01/100) Curfew in Silopi…

The curfew in Silopi district of Şırnak was partially lifted on the 37th day on 19 January 2016. The Governorate of Şırnak announced that the curfew will be imposed during the night between the hours 18.00 and 05.00.

The body of a male was reportedly found on 18 January 2016 in Başak quarter. The person was about 30 years old and handcuffed from behind.

(01/101) Explosion in Diyarbakır…

Ferit Kösem (15) who was wounded when an explosive material exploded in Peyas quarter of Kayapınar district in Diyarbakır died on 15 January 2016 in the hospital.

(01/102) Person Killed During Curfew in Nusaybin…

On 22 December 2016, 2 persons were killed during the curfew in Nusaybin district of Mardin. One of the persons was Medeni Orak and the other person was identified as Rohat Karakoç according to the news appeared in the press on 17 January 2016.

(01/103) Persons Killed in Şırnak…

One of the persons who were killed during the operation on 4 January 2016 in Dicle quarter of Şırnak was identified as Seyfettin Ege.

(01/104) Operations and Attacks in the Southeast…

1 solider was reportedly killed and 7 soldiers were wounded during the armed clashes on 15 January 2016 in Sur district of Diyarbakır.

4 police officers and 5 soldiers were also wounded during the clashes on 16 January 2016.

The police officer Ali Bulduk who was shot by a sniper and wounded in Sur district of Diyarbakır died on 16 January 2016 in the hospital.

On 17 January 2016, a soldier was reportedly killed in Sur.

3 police officers died and 4 police officers were wounded when a bomb exploded during the passage of an armoured vehicle on 17 January 2016 in İdil district of Şırnak.

2 police officers died and 10 police officers were wounded when a police bus was attacked on 18 January 2016 with a rocket launcher in Şırnak.

A Specialised Sergeant who was shot and wounded by a sniper on 18 January 2016 died in Diyarbakır Military Hospital.

Governorate of Hakkari announced on that several regions in Yüksekova, Şemdinli and Çukurca districts of the province were decided to be temporary security zones for 15 days from 19 January 2016 to 2 February 2016. Entrance of civilians to the security zones was also banned.

(01/105) Rocket launched from Syria to Kilis…

Ayşegül Polat died and a student was wounded on 18 January 2016 in Kilis when a rocket allegedly launched by IS/ISIS from Syria to Kilis shot Eyüp Gökçeimam school in the city.

(01/106) Abdullah Cömert Case…

Balıkkesir Heavy Penal Court No 2 continued on 15 January 2016 to hear the case against the police officer Ahmet Kuş (29) launched on charges of the killing Abdullah Cömert (22) with a tear gas canister on 3 June 2013 in Hatay during Gezi Park demonstrations. The case was transferred to Balıkesir Heavy Penal Court No 2 for security reasons. The indictment wants the defendant to be sentenced to a term of imprisonment up to 25 years for “killing with eventual intent”.

Only lawyers and members of the Ayvalıtaş family were allowed to attend the hearing. The court rejected the demand for the arrest of defendant and adjourned the hearing to 19 February 2016. The court decided at the previous hearing to write Forensic Institute to ask for the completion of the report demanded by the court or present an excuse for not preparing the report.

(01/107) Kızıltepe JİTEM Case…

Ankara Heavy Penal Court No 5 continued on 15 January 2016 to hear the case against 9 persons including former Diyarbakır Gendarmerie Commander Colonel Eşref Hatipoğlu and former Kızıltepe Gendarmerie Deputy Commander Hasan Atilla Uğur launched in connection with the disappearances of 22 persons in detention and/or killings by unidentified persons in Mardin and its districts between the years 1992 and 1996. 4 soldiers and 5 village guards are on trial in this case.

The lawyers demanded recusation on the grounds that the judges were biased, preventing the defendants to be tried, and sent the files of the case to the Supreme Board of Judges and Prosecutors (HSYK) without legal basis. The court adjourned the hearing to 27 April 2016 to wait for the decision of a higher court on the demand.

The court ruled at a previous hearing to send the files of the case to the Supreme Board of Judges and Prosecutors (HSYK) relying on the position of the Eşref Hatipoğlu and Hasan Atilla Uğur on the day of crime. Since the HSYK did not reply, the court adjourned the hearing to 15 January 2016.

Similar to the previous cases concerning disappearances in detention, killings by unidentified persons and extra-judicial executions, the lawyers of the defendants applied to the Court of Cassation to transfer the case to another province for security measures. The Court of Cassation decided to send the case to Ankara Heavy Penal Court No 5.

(01/108) Mehmet Ayvalıtaş Case…

Anadolu (İstanbul) Heavy Penal Court No 8 continued on 18 January 2016 to hear the case against Mehmet Görkem Demirbaş (19) and Cengiz Aktaş launched in connection with the killing of Mehmet Ayvalıtaş (21). On 2 June 2013, the defendants drove their car into the crowd during a Gezi Park demonstration in Ümraniye district of İstanbul and caused the death of Mehmet Ayvalıtaş.

After reading the expert’s report on crime scene investigation, the court adjourned the hearing to 3 March 2015.

(01/109) Torture and Ill-treatment in Custody in Şanlıurfa …

The police intervened a group of persons on 17 January 2016 in Şanlıurfa who were going the house of Mizgin Karageçili for “condolence” and detained 23 persons. The detainees were reportedly beaten in Şehitlik Emin Çavuş police station. Head bones of one of the detainees were reportedly broken with a wooden stick. Mizgin Karageçili was killed during the operations in Kızıltepe district of Mardin.

(01/110) Operations after Academics for Peace Petition…

Operations were conducted against the signatories on 16 January 2016 in Van. The academics Şaura İbrahim Garip and Selahattin Şen from Van 100th Year University were detained.

(01/111) Solidarity Demonstration Intervened Kocaeli…

The police prevented the persons who came to the Court House in Kocaeli for the solidarity with the academics detained on 15 January 2016 for signing the petition and detained 4 persons. The petition was demanding the government to end curfews and operations in blockaded districts Sur, Cizre and Silopi.

(01/112) Attacks against Curfew Protests…

The police intervened the protest staged by the members of Socialist Party of the Oppressed (ESP) on also 16 January 2016 in Sarıgazi quarter of Sancaktepe district in İstanbul and detained 5 persons.

The police also intervened the protest staged by the members of New Democratic Youth (YDG) on 16 January 2016 in Alsancak quarter of İzmir and detained 5 persons.

(01/113) Persons Convicted in Adana…

According to the news appeared in the press on 16 January 2016, Adana Heavy Penal Court No 5 concluded to hear the case against 11 persons launched after the operations conducted in 2010 in Adana in connection with a “Democratic Patriotic Youth Assembly Investigation”.

The court sentenced 8 defendants to 7 years and 6 months’ imprisonment for “being member of an illegal organisation” and acquitted 3 defendants.

(01/114) Political Party Premises Raided in Van…

Seyhmuz Bülbül, Erol Cengiz and Erhan Basut who were among 11 persons detained during the raids against the Democratic Regions Party (DBP) premises and houses in Erciş district of Van were arrested on 15 January 2016 on the allegations of “attempting to disrupt the unity and territorial integrity of the state”

(01/115) Operations throughout Turkey…

The police conducted house raids on 15 January 2016 in Adana and detained 4 persons including 3 children on the allegations of “taking part in an illegal demonstration”. The police also detained 5 persons during the raids conducted in Efeler district of Aydın.

İhzan Avlar, Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) Co-Chair for Derik district in Mardin, was detained in the city centre of Derik district.

Müjdat Yıldız (30) and Şaban Yeğin (45) who were among 3 persons detained during house raids in Bismil district of Diyarbakır were arrested on 15 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

The student Mehmet Narin who was detained in Mersin was arrested on 15 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

Necip Yılmaz and Tanju Gelici who were detained during house raids in Şemdinli district of Hakkari were arrested on 15 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

Hüsnü Yaprak who was called to the Anti-Terror branch to testify in connection with an incident was arrested on 15 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

The students M.A. and A.M. who were detained during house raids in Kayseri were arrested on 16 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

Dicle News Agency (DİHA) correspondent Yasin Kobulan was detained on 16January 2016 in Diyarbakır on the allegations that there was an arrest warrant issued against him.

Gendarmerie soldiers conducted raids on 16 January 2016 in Doğubayazıt district of Ağrı and detained 6 persons.

The detainees were arrested on 18 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

The police conducted a house raid on 16 January 2016 in in Yeşiltepe quarter of Silopi district in Şırnak and detained the child A.Ç. (boy) on the allegations of “denunciation”.

A.Ç. was arrested on 17 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

Seyat Erişmiş who was detained during operations in Yüksekova district of Hakkari was arrested on 16 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

H.İ. (16), Yusuf Öztürk and Engin Gökhan who detained during a road control in on Silvan-Bismil road in Diyarbakır were arrested on 16 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

Sezer Enter (19) and Velat İverdi (18) who were among 12 persons detained during house raids in Tarsus district of Mersin were arrested on 16 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

12 persons were reportedly detained during the house raids conducted on 16 January 2016 in İstanbul.

The police conducted operations on 17 January 2016 in Manisa and detained 7 members of Democratic Youth Associations Federation (Demokratik Gençlik Dernekleri Federasyonu – DEM-GENÇ).

Melihe Kıran, Tuğba Dündar and Şükran Aksoy who were detained in Derik district of Mardin were arrested on 17 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

FACT SHEET on DECLARED CURFEWS in TURKEY BETWEEN 11 DECEMBER 2015 – 8 JANUARY 2016

FACT SHEET on DECLARED CURFEWS BETWEEN

11 DECEMBER 2015 – 8 JANUARY 2016 and VIOLATIONS of RIGHT TO LIFE AGAINST CIVILIANS ACCORDING to the DATA of

HRFT DOCUMENTATION CENTER

09.01.2016

                        curfews 09.01.2016

You can download the pdf version of this fact sheet here.

You can download the detailed table of all curfews and right to life violation datas in between 16 August 2015 to 8 January 2016.

Since 16 August 2015, there has been 58 officially confirmed, open-ended and round-the-clock curfews in at least 19 districts of 7 cities (primarily Diyarbakır, Şırnak, Mardin and Hakkâri) that approximately 1 million 377 thousand people resides (according to the 2014 population census). During these officialy declared curfews, fundemental rights of people such as Right to Life and Right to Health is violated and 162 civilians (29 women, 32 children, 24 people over the age 60) lost their lives according to the data of HRFT Documentation Center.

Between the dates 16 August 2015 and 11 December 2015, there was again curfews without any legal basis. However, beginning from 11 December 2015 the impose form of curfews, the broadness of regions that curfews are declared, military dispatch[1] and thoughen statements of government and State officials shows that beginning from 11 December 2015, a different step has been taken, another period has begun in especially some districts of the region.

The curfews declared on 11 December 2015 in Sur District of Diyarbakır (again, after 17 hours of break), Dargeçit District of Mardin (lifted on 29 December 2015) and on 14 December 2015 Cizre and Silopi Districts of Şırnak and again Nusaybin District of Mardin (lifted on 24 December 2015) are still going on and only in these last 29 days at least 79 civilians were killed (14 of them are children, 1 of them is death in the womb through gun shot, 18 of them are women and 15 of them are over the age 60).

Moreover, according to the statements of witnesses at least 22 of these people were killed while they were within the boundaries of their homes, due to opened fire or hitting by a missile or due to the direct stress effect of curfews on their health conditions.

Also, 4 people (3 in Sur district and 1 in Nusaybin district) were killed in the close neighbourhoods where no curfew was declared and no operation was ongoing. [2]

NOTE: Within the context of this fact sheet the term ‘security forces’ is implying to ‘Police Anti-terror Combat Team, Police Special Forces, Gendarmarie Special Forces, Military Forces and Riot Polices.’ Also, there are some teams which are both by themselves and publicly defined as JİTEM, Esedullah, Hançer Teams etc.

 

 

 

[1]Even though it’s not officialy declared, according to the  national media almost 10 thousand members of security forces are active in operations in each district that curfews are ongoing (Cizre, Sur, Silopi). Moreover, it’s known  that hundreds of armored military vehicles such as tanks, panzers, cannons etc. Are dispatched to the relative districts/cities.

[2] These people are: Şerdıl Cengiz (21-Bağlar district),  Şiyar Salman (18-Bağlar district) and Şiyar Baran (13-Seyrantepe district) in SUR and Emire Gök (39-Gırnavas Mah.) in NUSAYBİN. Note: In Nusaybin, the curfew was declared first in some districts. On 4th day it was broadened to whole district.

7-8 January 2015 Daily Human Rights Report

7-8 January 2016 Daily Human Rights Report

(01/030) Curfew in Cizre…

Curfew and blockade in Cizre district of Şırnak reached its 26th day as of 8 January 2016. And the operations and attacks of the Security Forces continued.

Bişeng Goran (12) was shot to death when Special Forces opened fire against a family on 6 January 2016. The family was trying to leave their house in Cudi quarter with white flags due to the intensives bombings of the tanks.

Nidar Sümer (17) and Halis Sümer (45) were shot to death by the Special Forces on 7 January 2016 in Dağkapı quarter when they wanted to go to their neighbour’s house to take some water.

Osman Tekin (50) who was shot to death by the Special Forces on 7 January 2016 in front of his house on Yokuşlu Street in Cudi quarter died of blood loss on the grounds that the ambulance was not allowed to enter the street.

(01/031) Curfew in Silopi…

Curfew in Silopi district of Şırnak reached its 26th day as of 8 January 2016.

The body of Hasan Yağmur (42) who was missing since being brought to Yenişehir closed sports hall by the Security Forces on 2 January 2016 was found on 7 January 2016 in Karşıyaka quarter. He was shot with a single bullet and allegedly died of blood loss.

The only unidentified person who was among 4 persons killed by the Security Forces on 4 January 2016 in Karşıyaka quarter was identified as İslam Atak (20).

Aydın Mete (16) who was missing after leaving the house on 2 January 2016 was found dead on 6 January 2015 in his neighbourhood in Şehit Harun quarter. Aydın Mete’s cousin Mehmet Mete (10) was also killed on 21 December 2015.

(01/032) Curfew in Sur…

Curfew in Sur district of Diyarbakır reached its 29th day as of 8 January 2016. The person who was killed on the night of 24 December 2015 was identified as Aziz İlhan (47).

(01/033) Curfew in Dargeçit…

Fatma Kılıç who was heavily wounded when Security Forces opened fire against her house in Safa quarter on 23 December 2015 in Dargeçit district of Mardin died on 7 January 2016 in Mardin State Hospital. Necim Kılıç (67) and her daughter Sabahat Kılıç (28) were also killed during the attack. Curfew in Dargeçit was lifted on 29 December 2015.

(01/034) Nusaybin’de Öldürülen Kişiler…

Kerem Akyürek (19) ve Hasan Akyüz were shot to death on 7 January 2016 when Security Forces opened fire to Dilek Street in Fırat quarter of Nusaybin district in Mardin. Curfew was not imposed in Fırat quarter.

(01/035) Killings by Unidentified Assailants in Diyarbakır…

Bodies of 2 males were found on 7 January 2016 in Beşpınar quarter of Çınar district in Diyarbakır. According to the crime scene investigation by the Public Prosecutor, both persons were shot at head from close distance. After the forensic examination in Diyarbakır Gazi Yaşargil Training and Research Hospital, the bodies were identified as gas station operators Galip Gezginci (47) and Engin Şahinli (32).

(01/036) Person Shot in Diyarbakır…

The teacher Mevlüde Ketani who was living in an apartment close to Suriçi quarter where curfew was imposed was shot at home on 6 January 2016. She was heavily wounded and hospitalised. Eğitim-Sen (union in education sector) executive for Diyarbakır branch Emine Gül made a public statement and announced that Mevlüde Ketani was shot while taking his children in a more secure room on the grounds that the clashes intensified. Buildings close to Sur district were also targeted with bombs and bullets

(01/037) Operations throughout Turkey…

Students Collectives (Öğrenci Kolektifleri) member and university student Emre Yılmaz who was detained during the house raids conducted on 6 January 2016 in Mersin was arrested on the same day on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation” and “making propaganda of an illegal organisation”.

Special Forces conducted house raids on 6 January 2016 in Derik district of Mardin and detained 7 persons. The reason of the operations was not disclosed.

Anti-Terror branch reportedly detained 2 persons during house raids conducted in Menemen district of İzmir.

Hadi Taşar, Halit Taşar and Şeyhmus Taşar who were taking the body of Çetin Taşar (19) to hospital were detained in Şırnak. The detainees were the relatives of Çetin Taşar who was shot to death from an armoured vehicle on 6 January 2016.

Uğur Özenç Özyürek and Muhammet Halit Kaya who were detained in Ceylanpınar district of Şanlıurfa and brought to İstanbul were arrested on 6 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation” and “making propaganda of an illegal organisation”.

Dicle News Agency (DİHA) correspondent Nedim Oruç who was among 37 persons detained during operations in Silopi district of Şırnak was arrested on 6 January 2016 on the allegations of “making propaganda of an illegal organisation”.

7 persons including MEYA-DER (solidarity association for people who lost their relatives in Mesopotamia) executive Hamdullah Kılıç who were detained in Patnos district of Ağrı were arrested on 7 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation”.

Security Forces conducted operations on 7 January 2016 against the Democratic Regions Party (DBP) and Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) members and executives in Burdur and detained 9 persons.

KJA member Bilmez Cengiz who was detained in Mersin was arrested on 7 January 2016 on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation” and “making propaganda of an illegal organisation”.

DBP Assembly member Hüseyin Arasan who was detained in Siirt was also arrested on the allegations of “being member of an illegal organisation” and “making propaganda of an illegal organisation”.

(01/038) Municipality Raided in Van…

On 6 January 2016, the police raided Municipality of Erciş district in Van on the grounds that an arrest warrant was issued against the Municipality Assembly member Mehmet Sayat.

When municipality executives wanted to see the official warrant, the police rejected the demand and left the municipality after searching for Mehmet Sayat.

Urgent Call from Turkey’s Human Rights Organizations to the International Community

6 January 2015

With the interruption of the peace talks, the government of Turkey started, in mid-August, to implement a security policy that unlawfully restricts fundamental rights and freedoms in those cities and towns largely populated by Kurds.

Since August 2015, long-term and consecutive curfews have been declared in the provinces of, and the towns attached to Şırnak, Mardin, Diyarbakır, Hakkari and Muş, and are still underway in certain cities and towns. During these prohibitions, national and international media, human rights or professional organizations as well as representatives of the parliament who wanted to identify violations of rights have been denied access to these cities and towns. According to the findings in reports drawn up by the very small number of civil society organizations which could make their way into the region in the face of huge obstacles, it has been determined that the civilian population has become the target of both snipers and heavy weaponry, which has been used  in an arbitrary fashion.

According to reports prepared by rights based organizations, 1,3 million people have been impacted by the curfews; more than 120 civilians –including children and the elderly– have lost their lives[1]. Many people have been injured, and hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced. Arbitrary detentions and arrests have occurred; and civilians are being subjected to torture and maltreatment in detention centres and in the open. Intrusion in telecommunication networks restricts the right to information and freedom of communication.  By an official decision to send away teachers from the region, education has been disrupted without a deadline, and health services have also been suspended. Due diligence in protecting civilians is not being demonstrated in any sense and they  are not even provided the opportunity to meet minimum daily needs such as the right to food and water. After the curfews, no immediate and explicitly effective investigations have been conducted. Trial and punishment of those security forces that violate rights are being rendered impossible. The policy of impunity expands and continues, getting more severe.

Although curfews have been declared pursuant to article 11/C of the Provincial Administrations Law, with the justification “apprehending the members of the terrorist organization” and “ensuring the physical safety of the people and their properties”, jurists largely agree that the aforementioned law does not entitle the relevant senior public officer to declare such a prohibition, which would impact the rights and freedoms of the entire people living in a city or a town. Pursuant to constitutional article 13, such a restriction can only be introduced through ‘law’. Curfews declared upon the governorate’s instructions are in breach of the constitution. The fact that the framework of the curfews and the sanctions thereof are not subject to the law means that security operations conducted in this period and rights violations too are not subject to any legal supervision.

Other than in times of war, in populated areas where a state of emergency or martial law has not been declared, the security forces are not entitled to use heavy weaponry and ammunition in violation of the principle of absolute necessity without ensuring evacuation of the civilian population. During the planning, command and control of operations alleged to serve the purpose of protecting the lives of civilians from unlawful violence, it is unacceptable to perpetrate arbitrary and disproportionate force which does not accord to the duty of care expected from the state in a democratic society. The lethal force used by the government of Turkey in the aforementioned provinces and districts is currently in gross violation of the principle of proportionality to be ensured between the intended objective and the force used for this purpose in a democratic society.

The environment of conflict unfolding has turned human rights defenders into targets of state violence and political assassination. President of the Diyarbakır Bar Association and human rights defender Tahir Elçi was killed while he was delivering a press statement whereby he called for an end to security operations and resumption of peace negotiations.

The situation is dire and our call is urgent!

As civil society organisations we demand the international community to remind the Government of Republic of Turkey that:

  • curfews declared in the absence of any legal basis are unacceptable,
  • lethal force cannot be used by any means whatsoever in a disproportionate and arbitrary fashion,
  • during security operations obligations stemming from international human rights law, international criminal law as well as the humanitarian law cannot be suspended,
  • human rights organisations, professional organisations, representatives of local government and of the Parliament, struggling to end, identify and penalise right violations and to reflect the process in total transparency to the international community, should be supported, and
  • we call for a bilateral ceasefire, the cessation of conflict and the resumption of  peace negotiations to be carried out in an official and transparent manner in the presence of independence observers.

 

Signatory members of the Coalition Against Impunity

Batman Bar Association, Diyarbakır Bar Association,  Helsinki Citizens’ Assembly – Turkey, Human Rights Agenda Association, Human Rights Association, Human Rights Foundation of Turkey, Şırnak Bar Association, Truth, Justice and Memory Center

[1] Updated numbers on violations of the right to life as a result of curfew by different sources are as follows: According to figures of Human Rights Foundation of Turkey’s Documentation Center, as of January 6, 2016, at least 151 civilians have lost their lives within the period of the declared curfews in 17 towns of 7 districts. According to Human Rights Association’s Documentation Unit, from the start of armed conflict in July 24, 2015 until January 6, 2016, 134 civilians living in cities with declared curfews have lost their lives. 12 people have lost their lives in the year 2016 during curfews in towns of Sur, Cizre and Silopi. People’s Democratic Party’s Information Center which also daily monitor the violations of the right to life, state number of people who lost their lives to be 152 as of January 6, 2016.